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Geography Themes-6th

5 Themes of Geography

TermDefinition
Location (question) Where is it?
Absolute location (definition) The exact spot of a place on the earth's surface. No 2 places on Earth has exactly the same location. (Ex: the city of Atlanta, GA is located at one place and one place only - no other place is located there, a street address)
Relative location (definition) Where a place is , compared to on or more other places. (Ex: Atlanta is northwest of Miami, FL. and southwest of New York City.)
Place (question) What is it like?
Place (definition) All of the characteristics that give an area its own special quality.
What are some examples of "place"? Physical features such as mountains, waterways, climate, and plant or animal life. Also, human characteristics, such as language, religion, and architecture. (ex: moss filled trees and winding roads, city with tall buildings)
Human/Environment Interaction (question) What is the relationship between people and their surroundings (or environment)?
What are some examples of ways in which humans interact with their environment? Landforms, waterways, climate, and natural resources have sometimes helped and sometimes hindered human activities. (ex: building a bridge, irrigation)
How have people responded to their environment, or natural surroundings? Sometimes people have adjusted to (adapted to) it and at other times they have changed it to meet their needs.
Movement (question) How to people in one area relate to people in other areas?
Movement (decription) Throughout history, people, idea, goods, and information have moved from place to place. This has brought the world's people closer together. It links people and places together.
Transportation (definition) the movement of people and goods (has increased the exchange of ideas and cultures)(ex: trucks transporting fruit from Florida to Ohio)
Communication (definition) the movement of ideas and information (has allowed people to find out what is happening in other parts of the world) (reading a foreign newspaper)
Region (question) What common features bring geographical areas together?
Regions (purpose) Used by geographers to organize the world.
Regions (definition) An area that is defined by common features.
What are 2 ways regions can be defined? Physical features (ex: mountains and rivers) or Human features (ex: religion, language, or livelihood)
Formal Regions (definition) Designated by official boundaries, such as cities, states, counties, and countries. For the most part, they are clearly indicated and publicly known.
Functional Regions (definition) Defined by their connections. For example, the circulation area for a major city area is the functional region of that paper.
Vernacular Regions (definition) Perceived regions, such as "The South," "The Midwest," or the "Middle East;" they have no formal boundaries but are understood in our mental maps of the world (ex: the Bible Belt, Southeastern United States)
Created by: slheard