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Unit 1:Prehistory

KUNZ - Unit 1: Prehistory

TermDefinition
Lucy Australopithecus skeleton found in Africa
Donald Johanson Paleoanthropologist who discovered "Lucy" an Australopithecus skeleton
paleoanthropologist social scientist who studies prehistoric humans
hominid prehistoric human
prehistory time period before the invention of writing
biped an organism that has the ability to walk on two feet
Louis and Mary Leakey Archaeologists who discovered Homo Habilis fossils and tools in Africa
migrate to move from one region to another in search of food, a better climate, etc.
Ice Age Time period from about 2.5 M.Y.A until about 10,000 BCE when glaciers covered huge areas of the earth
land bridges areas of land left exposed due to lower water levels in the oceans during the Ice Age.
Australopithecus Afarensis 1st hominid group to walk upright on 2 feet
Homo Habilis 1st hominid group to make tools
Homo Erectus 1st hominid group to stand up straight, control fire, and migrate out of Africa
Homo Sapiens Neanderthalensis 1st hominid group to develop communities, design more than 60 types of tools, and bury their dead in graves.
Homo Sapiens Sapiens 1st hominid group to make art, traveled to every continent except Antarctica, and made over 100 types of sophisticated tools
3 MYA to 4 MYA When Australopithecus lived
2 MYA to 1.5 MYA When Homo Habilis lived
200,000 years ago to 1.8 MYA When Homo Erectus Lived
28,000 to 200,000 years ago When Neanderthals lived
Present to 150,000 Years ago When Homo Sapiens Sapiens lived
Stone Age A time in prehistory when humans made and used stone (along with bone and wood) tools
Paleolithic Age The first part of the Stone Age when Early Humans lived as hunter-gatherers
Neolithic Age The last part of the Stone Age when early humans began to develop agriculture around 10,000 BCE - a.k.a. The Agricultural Revolution
hunter-gatherer Nomadic people who hunt animals and collect wild plants for food
Cro-Magnon A tall type of hominid found in Europe and the Middle East classified as the same species as modern-day humans
Lascaux, France Paleolithic cave containing over 600 paintings of horses, bison, deer, etc.
agriculture The process of domesticating plants and animals to provide food and other goods for human use
domestication The process of training or adapting a plant or animal to become more useful to humans
specialized To be designed for a specific purpose OR to have specific knowledge or training
resources a dependable supply of something useful that humans can use to make their lives easier
Jericho Neolithic town located in the Palestinian territory of the West Bank that is one of the oldest permanent settlements in the world
Catal Hoyuk A Neolithic archaeological site in southern Turkey that was the location of one of the world’s first real cities
history The written record of what happened in the past.
primary source Documents, or other objects, that are a record of past events created by people who were present at that time.
secondary source Information written long after the time period it describes by someone who has researched that event or time period.
artifact Objects made by humans.
fossil The remains or imprint of a once-living thing from a past geological age.
oral tradition The myths, stories, and beliefs passed from one generation to the next by word of mouth.
chronology The order events actually happened.
archaeologist A social scientist who studies the past by examining objects that people have left behind.
historian A social scientist who studies and records (writes down) the past.
geographer A social scientist who studies and creates maps of the earth’s natural and human-made features.
B.C.E. Labels for dates of events that happened before Jesus was born.
C.E. Labels for dates of events that happened after Jesus was born.
Created by: mrskunz