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T.O. MWS 2013 Unit 3

Vocabulary words and various facts for unit 3

Imperialism the policy or action by which one nation controls another country or territory
Nationalism loyalty and devotion to one’s nation; competitiveness toward other nations
What was the relation to Imperialism and Nationalism? Nationalism often led to Imperialism
Why did the Tokugawa shogunate keep Japan isolated? They were worried that European traders and rulers would try to tamper with Japan’s affairs and that the Europeans would even threaten the shogun’s rule.
How did the Tokugawa shogunate keep Japan isolated? The shogun closed all but one port to foreigners, they decreed that any Japanese who tried to leave the country would be put to death, and they ordered the death of many Japanese who had converted to Christianity.
Why were westerners interested in Japan? Reason #1: a location where American whaling ships could restock and where American naval Ships could refuel .
Why were westerners interested in Japan?(continued) Reason #2: a trading partner
Why did Japan open their country for trade? Reason #1: Western military might (ships, cannons, and rifles)
Why did Japan open their country for trade?(continued) Reason #2: Commodore Perry’s large squadron of heavily armed ships
Why did Japan open their country for trade?(continued) Reason #3: the defeat of their neighbor China by the British in a series of wars
Which Japanese delegate visited the United States and Europe and later introduced modern technology and ways of thinking to Japan? Fukazawa Yukichi
List three ways in which the Meiji government supported and encouraged Japan’s modernization and industrialization. 1. The government began to invest heavily in the latest means of communication and transportation.
List three ways in which the Meiji government supported and encouraged Japan’s modernization and industrialization. (continued) 2. The government encouraged the growth of trade and industry by setting up a modern banking system and investing in industry.
List three ways in which the Meiji government supported and encouraged Japan’s modernization and industrialization.(continued) 3. The government ordered that schools be built in most Japanese towns and villages.
Which article addresses Japan’s concern about an imperialist power taking over Korea and threatening Japan’s security? Explain your answer Article 4—“In case the welfare of the Imperial House of Korea or the territorial integrity of Korea is endangered by aggression of a third power...”
Was Japan worried that the government of Korea might enter into an alliance with another country? Explain your answer. Yes—“The Governments of the two countries shall not in the future without mutual consent conclude with a third power such an arrangement...”
In your own words, what did the protocol say Korea had to do in order to firmly establish peace in the Far East? Korea had to be confident in the Japanese government and follow Japan’s advice to improve its own government.
What two kinds of revolution at the beginning of The 1800s caused many people to feel optimistic about life at the beginning of the 1900s? The industrial and democratic revolutions
Why were tensions beginning to rise in industrialized nations in the early twentieth century? Tensions mounted because the industrialized nations competed to see which country could build the most productive factories, the richest colonies, and the most powerful military.
For more than four decades, Europe’s industrialized nations had been building their armies and weapons. How did they manage to keep the peace? Through military alliances.
Why did people in colonies begin to demand freed from imperial rule in the early 1900s? They developed nationalist feelings for their own lands. They resented their foreign rulers.
In 1914, a _____ nationalist assassinated Archduke _______(the heir to the Habsburg throne) while he was visiting______, the capital of Bosnia. In 1914, a Bosnian nationalist assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand (the heir to the Habsburg throne) while he was visiting Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia.
appeasement giving in to an aggressor nation's demands in the hope of preventing war
blitzkrieg German for "lightning war," a new type of warfare used by German forces in World War II in which troops, tanks, and artillery quickly sped across nations
death camps special concentration camps in German-occupied Poland built for the purpose of killing prisoners.
Hiroshima the first Japanese city bombed with an atomic bomb by the United States
Holocaust the mass slaughter of Europe's Jews and others by the Nazis
kamikaze suicide attacks by Japanese pilots
Nagasaki one of two Japanese cities bombed with atomic bombs by the United States
Panzers German tanks
Star of David the six-pointed star named for David, a king of ancient Israel; also called the Shield of David, it is a widespread symbol of Judaism, the religion of the Jews.
Steps for peace: 1. 1. Hitler demands that Sunderland be turned over to Germany.
Steps for peace: 2. 2. Leaders of France, Britain, Germany, and Italy.
Steps for peace: 3. 3. Hitler negotiates for only the German speaking parts of Czechoslovakia.
Steps for peace: 4. 4. Chamberlain and the French Premier establish a policy of appeasement.
Steps for peace: 5. 5.Chamberlain receives a hero's welcome from the English for keeping the peace.
Steps for peace: 6. 6. Churchill warns that Czechoslovakia will be engulfed in the Nazi Regime.
Steps for peace: 7. 7. Hitler seizes the rest of Czechoslovakia.
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