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Quiz 1

review for quiz 1

TermDefinition
Petechiae red spots on skin cause from tourniquet being left on too long
Hemolysis destruction of RBCs - happens when given wrong blood type or tourniquet is left on too long
Blood living tissue circulated providing oxygen and nutrients/removes carbon dioxide and waste
Hemoconcentration too many elements in plasma - gives inaccurate results if tourniquet is left on too long
Universal Donor/Universal Recipient universal donor: type O = no type has any antibodies against it universal recipient: type AB = has no antibodies against any other types
Agglutinins (antibodies) in plasma - antibodies to other blood types - Type A=anti-B Type B=anti-A Type AB=none Type O=both anti-A/B
Agglutinogens (protein molecules) on surface of RBCs - type A and type B - presence of these molecules indicated blood type
Erythrocytes RBCs - contain hemoglobin (transports oxygen to body)
Leukocytes WBCs - part of immune system - fight disease
Plasma yellowish liquid found in blood - part of immune system (nutrients, vitamins, hormones and antibodies)
Thrombocytes platelets - found in plasma - help clot/coagulate
Four blood types Type A = has A agglutinogens/anti-B agglutinins Type B = has B agglutinogens/anti-A agglutinins Type AB = has both agglutinogens/has neither agglutinins Type O = has neither agglutinogens/has both agglutinins
Where blood cells are produced bone marrow
The veins in the antecubital fossa and which should be your first choice 1. median cubital - (middle) large vein, well anchored, bruises less easily 2. cephalic vein - (outside) harder to palpate, distal to thumb 3. basilic vein - (inside) easier to palpate, not well anchored, bruises easily, more painful, distal to pinky
Most important step of Phlebotomy procedure identifying patient
How to clean a puncture site for a routine venipuncture clean in an outward spiral - use antiseptic (usually alcohol) - on certain tests, use betadine
Know how gauge size compares to needle size smaller the gauge = larger diameter of needle
Convert standard time to military time if PM, add 12 (noon=1200, 12AM=0000 or 2400)
Created by: w027mrs