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Age of Exploration

ID's for Ch. 3

TermDefinition
Bartolomeu Dias Dias was an early Portuguese explorer who was the first European known to have sailed around the southern most tip of Africa. His goal was to spread Christianity, get rich, and receive praise from the king.
Prince Henry Henry was the son of Portugal's king, John I. He encouraged his father to conquer the Muslim city of Cueta in North Africa, and he founded a navigation school that would make Portugal a naval power.
Vasco da Gama Vasco da Gama was a Portuguese explorer who sailed around the southern tip of Africa into the Indian Ocean. He landed in Calicut, and gave Portugal a direct sea route to India.
Treaty of Tordesillas This treaty signed by Spain and Portugal in 1497 divided the world between the two nations. All lands west of the Line of Demarcation belonged to Spain, and all lands east of it belonged to Portugal.
Dutch East India Company The Dutch East India Company is an example of a powerful European trade company that dominated the Indian Ocean trade. They could mint money, make treaties, and even raise armies.
Ming dynasty From 1368-1644, the Ming Dynasty ruled China. They became a dominant power in Asia by demanding tribute and limiting the influence of European merchants.
Hongwu Though a peasant's son, he led a rebellion against the Mongols and became the first Ming emperor. He worked to restore traditional Chinese culture and remove all traces of their Mongol past.
Yonglo Yonglo was the son of Hongwu. As emperor, he built an impressive fleet of ships to sail throughout Asia demanding tribute from weaker states. He also moved the Ming capital to Beijing, where he built an imperial palace known as the Forbidden City.
Zheng He He led the massive fleet of Ming ships that sailed throughout Asia demanding tribute. His treasure ships were over 400 ft. long, and the fleet included 40-300 ships.
Manchus As the Ming Dynasty declined, the Manchus invaded from north of the Great Wall. They seized Beijing and set up the Qing Dynasty. They would rule for 260 years and expand China's borders.
Qing Dynasty The Qing Dynasty replaced the Ming in 1644. They would maintain many of China's social structures, as well as continue the isolation policy of the later Ming dynasty.
Kangxi As Qing emperor from 1661-1722, Kangxi helped to restore order in the empire by reducing taxes, supporting the arts, and going on tours of lands devastated by Manchu conquest. He
daimyo In Japanese feudalism, the daimyo were local lords. They ruled their lands with samurai who helped protect the peasants.
Oda Nobunaga He was a powerful daimyo who set out to unify Japan. He conquered Kyoto in 1568, and later became the first daimyo to successfully use muskets in a battle.
Toyotomi Hideyoshi As Nobunaga's best general, he took over the mission of unifying Japan. He also had dreams of conquering China, so in 1592 he invaded Korea. However, he would die before this is accomplished.
Tokugawa Shogunate One of Hideyoshi's strongest allies, Tokugawa would complete the unification of Japan. He became shogun in 1603 and moved the capital to Edo. The shogunate would hold power till 1867 and would enforce a isolationist policy.
haiku Haiku are a form of Japanese poetry that uses a 5-7-5 syllable, 3-line form. These poems were a new form of art developed under the Tokugawa Shogunate.
kabuki Kabuki is a traditional form of Japanese theater. It uses music, dance, and elaborate costumes to tell about historical events or everyday life.
Created by: calebgunnels