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Migration Chapter 3

Flashcards of concepts and vocabulary from chapter 3.

QuestionAnswer
Permanent movement from one region of a country to another Interregional migration
In reference to migration, laws that place maximum limits on the number of people who can immigrate to a country each year Quota
Which is not one of the three largest flows of migration? A. To Europe from Asia B. To Europe from Africa C. To North America from Asia D. To North America from Latin America B., To Europe from Africa
Migration FROM a location Emigration
Many of the first Europeans to settle in Australia migrated to serve jail sentences. What push and pull factor(s) would there have been? Cultural push and Economic pull
Most immigration to the USA in the 1840s was from which countries and region? Ireland and Germany, Western Europe
Which country has the greatest number of foreign born residents? United States of America
Short-term, repetitive, or cyclical movements that recur on a regular basis, Example: Adults demonstrate ___________ when commuting to and from work every weekday. Circulation
Permanent movement undertaken by choice; Example: The family chose to migrate to pursue the American Dream. Voluntary Migration
What is a major pull factor to the USA? A. Low population B. Religious persecution C. Economic opportunity D. Environmental issues C. Economic opportunity
Suburbanization of MDCs is due mostly to what? A. Industrial job opportunities B. Lifestyle C. Agricultural job opportunities D. Less land in suburbs B. Lifestyle
True or False: Most migration occurs because of a combination of push and pull factors. True
Where to most undocumented immigrants from Mexico cross to get into the US? The southern border
Net migration from urban to rural areas in MDCs Counterurbanization
In what decades did Norwegians migrate to the US? The 1880s and 1890s
What was the cause of mass Irish migration? The potato famine
According to the US Committee of Refugees, what are the three largest groups of international refugees? A. Mexicans, Chinese, Palestinians B. Egyptians, Libyans, Mexicans C. Mexicans, Afghans, Iraqis D. Afghans, Palestinians, Iraqis D. Afghans, Palestinians, Iraqis
The area subject to flooding during a given number of years according to historical trends Floodplain
Which region did most immigrants to the US during the early 20th century come from? South and East Europe
What was the purpose of the 1826 Control Act? To permit illegal immigrants to become citizens
Where do most guest workers migrate to in Europe? North and Western Europe
Many of the refugees from Vietnam were referred to as what? A. The Vietnamese Refugees B. The Boat People C. The Eastern Hemisphere Migrants D. The Asians B. The Boat People
What was the purpose of quota laws from the 1920s-1960s? To ensure that only European people would migrate to the US
In the late 1600s to the 1800s, migrants from Great Britain voluntarily migrated to which continent? North America
Permanent movement compelled usually by cultural factors; Examples: This type of migration occurred when slaves were brought over to the Americas and when Cubans came to the US. Forced migration
Why has Russia's program to attract migrants faced difficulties in recent years? The government only wants people who speak fluent Russian, and not many people want to come back.
In which stage of the migration transition is there the most international migration? Stage 2
What did Wilbur Zelinsky create? He identified the migration transition, which includes trends that are similar to those of he demographic transition.
Workers who migrate to the more developed countries of Northern and Western Europe, usually coming from Southern and Eastern Europe or from North Africa, in search of higher paying jobs Guest workers
Migration TO a new location Immigration
What is the ability to move from one location to another? Mobility
A country has net in-migration if emigration is _________ _______ immigration. A. Less than B. Equal to C. Greater than A. Less than
Many Argentinians who fled the country in the 1970s when the country was ruled by military force returned to the country after the democratic elections were held in 1988. This is an example of what? Push facto changing into a pull factor
Why are guest workers, who are legal residents, looked down upon by citizens? The workers may start chain migration and bring others from their native countries. Also, some citizens may be xenophobic.
A physical feature, such as a body of water, which hinders migration, is an example of what? Intervening obstacle
Refugees migrate to other countries primarily because of which type of push factor? Cultural
What was the main reason for Europeans to migrate to the New World? Increased economic opportunity in European countries after the Industrial Revolution led to overpopulation and limited job opportunities.
True or False: Currently, long distance migrants to other countries head for rural agricultural areas. False
True or False: According to migration transition theory, societies in Stages 3 and 4 are the destinations of the international migrants leaving the Stage 2 countries in search of economic opportunities. True
True or False: Mexico passed Germany during the 1980s as the country that has sent to the United States the most immigrants ever. True
The difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration Net migration
Factor that induces people to move to a new location; Examples: Good economy, healthy environment, more job opportunities, little to no persecution Pull factor
Permanent movement within one region of a country Intraregional migration
People who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion Refugees
People who enter a country a country without proper documents Unauthorized immigrants
Large-scale emigration by talented people Brain Drain
Factor that induces people to leave old residence; Examples: political unrest, religious persecution, poor economy, unhealthy environment Push factor
Migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there. Chain migration
Permanent movement within a particular country Internal Migration
Change in the migration pattern in a society that results from industrialization, population growth, and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition Migration Transition
Form of relocation diffusion involving a permanent move to a new location Migration
Permanent movement from one country to another International Migration
What was the factor that made people migrate from New Orleans (Hurricane Katrina, 2005) and Oklahoma (Dust Bowl, 1930s)? A. Lack of water B. Too much water C. Both A and B D. Neither A or D C, Both A and B
E.G. Ravenstein's "laws" for migration regard all EXCEPT: A. The main reasons for migrating are economic, cultural, and environmental, in that order. B. Most long-distance migrants are young males. C. Most migrants come from southern countries. C. Most migrants come from southern countries.
The U.S. has received the least amount of immigrants from which country? Ethiopia
Which island was the subject of a dispute between the states of New York and New Jersey? A. Liberty Island B. Ellis Island C. Staten Island D. Manhattan Island B. Ellis Island
The U.S. center of population has moved steadily in which direction throughout American history? Westward, and more recently, southward
What is a current example of intraregional migration in the US? Urban to suburban migration
How did the Brazilians encourage interregional migration? The government moved the capital from Rio de Janeiro to Brasilia.
What is the most prominent type of intraregional migration in the world? Rural to urban migration
Created by: SydneyR