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Byzantine Emp. Summ.
This is a review for the summative on the Byzantine Empire.
|What is the Byzantine Empire and how did it get its name? Who did the people in the empire think they were?||Byzantine Empire: another name historians give the Eastern Half of the Roman Empire. Even though they spoke Greek, the people always considered themselves Romans, as did their neighbors and enemies.|
|Explain the geography of Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire.||Built on a peninsula near three bodies of water: Bosporus Straight, Sea of Marmara, and the Golden Horn Had a chain across the Golden Horn to stop invaders from docking in the harbor.|
|Explain the walls of Constantinople.||Walls were eventually built on the land side for protection. Had 13 miles of walls and watchtowers with 50 gates to let people in and out. Walls were 12-40 feet thick and 40-70 feet high.|
|Explain Greek Fire.||Greek Fire: oil based substance that when lit on fire could not be put out by water. Byzantine navy used it to create a flamethrower to burn enemy ships. Invading Muslims in the 600’s lost over 30,000 men when Byzantines used Greek fire against them.|
|How was Constantinople like the city of Rome?||City was modeled after Rome since it was part of the Roman Empire. Building used domes, arches, and columns (columns came from the Greeks). Had aqueducts, gladiator games and chariot races in their stadiums. Was a Christian city from the start.|
|Why was Constantinople in a good position for trading?||Constantinople was located right between Europe and Asia and controlled all shipping routes between Europe and Asia.|
|What trade routes did Constantinople use?||Got goods from China on the Silk Road, the main land route which stretched from China to the Mediterranean Sea. Used Mediterranean Sea to trade with Western Europe. Controlled trade between Russia & Mediterranean areas using the Black Sea.|
|What goods passed through Constantinople from different areas?||Goods came in from everywhere due to the waterways and roads. From India: spices, pepper, jewels. From Africa: ivory, gold From Russia: honey, wood, furs From Western Europe: fine wines, tin, iron, From China: silk making process.|
|How did Justinian gain access to the Silk making process?||Justinian got missionaries to steal silkworms and seeds of the mulberry tree (the tree they feed on) out of China.|