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Unit 5 AP Human Geo

Political Geography

WordsDefinitions
Antecedent boundaries a boundary line established before an area is populated
centrifugal forces forces that tend to divide a country
centripetal forces forces that tend to unite or bin a country together
commonwealth of independent states confederacy of independent states of the former Soviet Union that have united because of their common economic and administrative needs
compact stat a state that possesses a roughly circular, oval, or rectangle territory in which the distance from the geometric center is relatively equal in all directions
domino theory the idea that political destabilization in one country can lead to collapse of political stability in neighboring countries, starting a chain reaction of collapse
east/west divide geographic separation between the largely democratic and free-market countries of Western Europe and the Americas from the communist and socialist countries of Eastern Europe and Asia
electoral college a certain number of electors from each state proportional to the seemingly representative of that state's population. Each elector chooses a candidate believing they are representing their constituency's choice. The candidate who has a the most vote wins
electoral vote the decision of a particular state elector that represents the dominant views of that elector's state
elongated state a state whose territory is long and narrow shape
European Union international organization comprised of Western European countries to promote free trade among members
Exclave a bounded territory that is part of a particular state but is separated from it by the territory of a different state
federalism a system of government in which power is disturbed among certain geographical territories rather than concentrated within a central government
fragmented state a state that is not a contiguous whole but rather separated parts
frontier a area where borders are shifting and weak and where peoples of different cultures or nationalities meet and lay claim to the land
geometric boundary political boundaries that are defined and delimited by straight lines
geopolitics the study of the interplay between political relations and the territorial context in which they occur
Gerrymandering the designation of voting districts so as to favor a particular political party or candidate
Hearthland theory hypothesis proposed by Halford Mackinder that held that any political power based in the hearth of Eurasia could gain enough strength to eventually dominate the world
imperialism the perpetuation of a colonial empire even after it is no longer politically sovereign
international organization an alliance of two or more countries seeking cooperation with each other with out giving up either's autonomy or self-determination
landlocked state a state that is completely surrounded by the land of other states, which gives it a a disadvantage in terms of accessibility to and from international trade routes
law of the sea law establishing states' rights and responsibilities concerning the ownership and land use of the earth's seas and oceans and their resources
lebensraum Hitler's expansionist theory based on a drive to acquire "living space" for the German people
Microstate a state or territory that is small in both population and area
nation tightly knit group of individuals sharing a common language, ethnicity, religion, and other cultural attributes
nationalism a sense of national pride to such an extent of exalting one nation above all others
Nation-state a country whose population possesses a substantial degree of cultural homogeneity and unity
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) agreement signed January 1, 1994, that allows the opening of borders between the United States, Mexico, and Canada
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) an international organization that has joined together together for military purposes
north/south divide the economic division between wealthy countries of Europe and North America, Japan, and Australia and generally poorer countries of Asia, Africa, and Latin American
organic theory the view that states resemble biological organisms with life cycles that include stages of youth, maturity, and old age
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) an international economic organization whose member countries all produce and export oil
perforated state a state whose territory completely surrounds that of another state
physical boundary political boundaries that correspond with prominent physical features such as mountains ranges or rivers
political geography the spatial analysis of political phenomena and processes
popular vote the tally of each individual's vote within a given geographic area
prorupte state a state that exhibits a narrow elongated land extension leading away from the main territory
reapportionment the process of a reallocation of electoral states defined territories
rectangular state a state whose territory is rectangular in shape
redistricting the drawing of a new electoral district boundary lines in response to population changes
Rimland theory Nicholas Spykman's theory that the domination of the costal fringes of Eurasia would provide the base for the world conquest
self-determination the right of a nation to govern itself autonomously
State a politically organized territory that is administered by a sovereign government and is recognized by the international community
States' rights rights and powers believed to be in the authority of the state rather than the federal government
subsequent boundaries boundary line established after and area has been settled that considers the social and cultural characteristics of the area
supranational organization organization of three more states to promote shared objectives
territorial dispute any dispute over land ownerships
territorial organization political organization that distributes political power in more easily governed units of land
theocracy a state whose government is either believed to be divinely guided or a state under the control of a group religious leaders
United Nations (UN) a global supranational organization established at the end of World War II to foster international security and cooperation
Created by: sajavoo