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BMMS Ch 3 & 4

BMMS Mesopotamia Vocabulary

TermDefinition
empire a collection of many peoples and lands under the control of one ruler
emperor the ruler of an empire
Fertile Crescent a fertile region that stretches from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf
Hammurabi the ruler of the Babylonian Empire from 1792 to 1750 B.C.
code of law a set of written rules
justice fair treatment of people
Sargon He created the world's first empire by conquering and then uniting the city
exile forced removal from one's homeland
Hanging Gardens of Babylon magnificent structure of gardens built in Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar
Nebuchadnezzar cruel king of Babylon, marched the Hebrews back to Babylon and destroyed their Temple.
Anatolia (Asia Minor) land within modern
toleration acceptance of habits, beliefs and practices of others
province a political division of a country
satrap a Persian governor
Royal Road a road in Persia used for government purposes
Mesopotamia region between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
floodplain the flat land bordering a river
silt the fine soil deposited by floodwaters
semiarid having little rainfall and warm temperatures
drought period or little rainfall
surplus an amount of a good, such as food, in excess of what is needed
civilization an advanced form of culture
Sumer an ancient region of southern Mesopotamia
city-state a political unit that includes a city and nearby farmlands
ziggurat an ancient Sumerian or Babylonian temple that rose in a series of steplike levels
polytheism a belief in many gods or goddesses
king a leader of a group of people
bronze a metal made of copper and tin
pictograph a picture or drawing that represents a word or idea
stylus a sharpened reed used to press markings into clay tablets
cuneiform a type of writing made up of wedge-shaped markings
scribe a person who specializes in writing and serves as a record keeper.
tribute village had to pay for protection given by the Assyrians
Created by: mrpowers