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Bonewit chapt 2

Medical Asepsis- OSHA (Krista Elzey)

Aerobe A microorganism that needs oxygen to live & grow.
Anaerobe A microorganism that grows best in the absence of oxygen
Antiseptic An agent the inhabits the growth of or kills microorganisms.
Asepsis Free from infection or pathogens; the action practices to make & maintain an area or object free from infection or pathogens
Cilia Slender, hairlike projections that constantly beat toward the outside to remove microorganisms from the body
Contaminate to soil or make impure. An aseptic object becomes "this" when it touches something that is not clean
Decontamination the use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactive, or destroy pathogens on a surface or item to the point where they are no longer capable of transmitting infectious particles; the surface or item is rendered safe for handling, use or disposal
Hand Hygiene the process of cleansing or sanitizing the hands
infection the condition in which the body, or part of it, is invaded by a pathogen
Medical Asepsis practices that are employed to reduce the number & hinder the transmission of pathogens
microorganism a microscopic plant or animal
nonintact skin skin that has a break in the surface. it includes, but is not limited to, abrasions, cuts, burns, hangnails, & paper cuts
Nonpathogen a microorganism that does not normally produce disease
Opportunistic infection An infection that results from defective immune system that cannot defend the the body from pathogens normally found in the enviroment
Optimum growth Temperature the temperature that an organism grows best in
Parenteral taken into the body through the piercing of the skin barrier or mucous membranes, such as through needlesticks, human bites, cuts & abrasion
Pathogen a disease-producing microorganism
perinatal relating to the period before & after birth
pH the degree to which a solution is acidic or basic
Postexposure Prophylaxis treatment administered to an individual after exposure to an infectious disease to prevent the disease
Regulated Medical waste medical waste that poses a threat to health & safty
Reservoir Host the organism that becomes infected by a pathogen & serves as a source of transfer of the pathogen to others
resident flora harmless, nonpathegenic microorganism that normally reside on the skin & usually do not cause disease; also known as normal flora
susceptible easily, affected; lacking resistance
Transient flora microorganisms that reside on the superficial skin layers & and are picked up in the course of daily activities. they are ofthen pathogenic but can be removed easily from the skin by sanitizing the hands
Created by: kristaelzey