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A.P HuGe Chp 2 Vocab

Advanced Placement Human Geography Chapter 2 Vocabulary

Agricultural Density The ratio of farmers to land suitable for farming.
Agricultural Revolution The time humans switched from hunting and gathering to farming.
Arithmetic Density The ratio of people to land suitable for living.
Census A complete enumeration of a population.
Crude Birth Rate (CBR) Total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society.
Crude Death Rate (CDR) Total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society.
Demographic Transition From high CBRs & CDRs with a low natural increase - low CBRs & CDRs with a high natural increase.
Demography The study of population characteristics.
Dependency Ratio People under the age 15 and above the age of 64 compared to people active in the work force.
Doubling Time The number of years needed to double a population.
Ecumene The portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement.
Epidemiologic Transition Distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition.
Epidemiology Medical study concerned with the incidence, distribution, and control of diseases.
Industrial Revolution A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) Total number of deaths in a year among infants under 1 year old for every 1,000 in a society.
Life Expectancy The average number of years to be lived based on social, economic, and medical conditions.
Medical Revolution Medical technology developed in first world countries that has diffused to third world countries.
Natural Increase Rate (NIR) Crude Birth Rates minus Crude Death Rates.
Overpopulation The number of people exceeding the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard.
Pandemic Disease that occurs over a wide area and affects a very high population.
Physiological Density Ratio of people per land suitable for agriculture.
Population Pyramid A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.
Sex Ratio The number of males per 100 females in the population.
Total Fertility Rate (TFR) The number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years.
Zero Population Growth (ZPG) A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero.
Created by: MyKeilah