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Bonewit Chapt 2

Medical Asepsis - OSHA (Allysa Jasper)

Aerobe A microorganism that needs oxygen to live and grow
Anaerobe A microorganism that grows best in the absence of oxygen
Antiseptic An agent that inhibits the growth of or kills microorganisms
Asepsis Free from infection or pathogens; the actions practiced to make & maintain an area or object free from infection or pathogens
Cilia Slender, hair like projections that constantly beat toward the outside to remove microorganisms from the body
Contaminate To soil or to make impure. An aseptic becomes "this" when it touches something that is not clean
Decontamination The use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactivate, or destroy pathogens on a surface or item to the point where they are no longer capable of transmitting infectious particles; the surface or item is rendered safe for handling, use or disposal
Hand Hygiene The process of cleansing or sanitizing the hands
Infection The condition in which the body, or part of it, is invaded by a pathogen
Medical Asepsis Practices that are employed to reduce the number & hinder the transmission of pathogens
Microorganism A microscopic plant or animal
Nonintact Skin Skin that has a break in the surface. It includes, but is not limited to, abrasions, cuts, hangnails, paper cuts, & burns
Nonpathogen A microorganism that does not normally produce disease
Opportunistic Infection An infection that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend the body from pathogens normally found in the environment
Optimum Growth Temperature The temperature at which an organism grows best
Parenteral Taken into the body through the piercing of the skin barrier or mucous membranes, such as through needle sticks, human bites, cuts & abrasions
Pathogen A disease-producing miccroorganism
Perinatal Relating to the period shortly before & after birth
pH The degree to which a solution is acidic or basic
Post-exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) Treatment administered to an individual after exposure to an infectious disease to prevent the disease
Regulated Medical Waste (RMW) Medical waste that poses a threat to health & safety
Reservoir Host The organism that becomes infected by a pathogen & serves as a source of transfer of the pathogen to others
Resident Flora Harmless' non-pathogen microorganisms that normally reside on the skin & usually do not cause disease; as known as normal flora
Susceptible Easily affected; lacking resistance
Transient Flora microorganisms that reside on the superficial skin layers & are picked up in the course of daily activities. They are often pathogenic but can be removed easily from the skin by sanitizing the hands
Created by: allysajasper