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Or/o OR Stomat/o Oral cavity(mouth)
Oral Pertaining to the oral cavity(mouth)
Herpetic Stomatitis Inflammation of the oral cavity(mouth)caused by herpes virus AKA "cold sores" OR "fever blisters"
Nas/o OR Rhin/o Nose
Nasal Pertaining to the nose
Rhinitis Imflammation of the nose
Rhinoplasty Surgical repair of the nose
Myc/o Fungus
Rhinomycosis Abnormal condition of the nose caused by fungus
Muc/o Mucus OR mucous
Mucus is a Viscous(thick)liquid secreted by the mucous membranes
Rhinorrhea Mucus flow(discharge) from the nose
Mucoid resembling mucus
Mucopurulent Mucus and pus
Purulent Pus
Py/o Pus
Pyogenic Pertaining to the creation of pus
Pharyng/o Pharynx AKA the throat
Oropharynx The oral cavity and the pharynx
Nasopharyngeal Pertaining to the nose and the pharynx
Nasopharyngitis Imflammation of the nose and pharynx
Adenoid/o Adenoids
The adenoids are Lymph tissue
Lymph tissue is Part of your immune system
Adenoidectomy Surgical removal of the adenoids
An adenoidectomy is performed using An adenoidotome which is a instrument to cut adenoids
Tonsill/o Tonsils
The tonsils are Lymph tissue
Tonsillectomy Surgical removal of a tonsil
Tonsillitis Imflamation of a tonsil
Trache/o Trachea(windpipe)
Tracheitis Imflammation of the trachea
Endotracheal tube(ET) Pertaining to a tube inserted within the trachea
Tracheoplasty Surgical repair of the trachea
Tracheotomy Surgical incision of the trachea
Tracheostomy An artificial opening into the trachea
Tracheostenosis narrowing of the trachea
Tracheorrhagia A rapid flow of blood from the trachea
Tracheoesophageal fistula An abnormal passageway between the trachea and the esophagus
Laryng/o Larynx
The Larynx is AKA Vocal cords OR voice box
Laryngeal Pertaining to the larynx
Laryngitis Inflammation of the larynx
Laryngopharyngitis Imflammation of the pharynx AND larynx
Laryngospasm Involuntary muscle contractions of the larynx
Laryngectomy Surgical removal of the larynx
Laryngocentesis Surgical punture of the larynx
Laryngoplasty Surgical repair of the larynx
Laryngostomy An artificial opening into the larynx
Laryngotracheotomy A surgical incision of the larynx AND trachea
Laryngoscope A lighted instrument to view the larynx
Epiglott/o Epiglottis
The epiglottis is the Lid over the larynx
The epiglottis will Open when you breathe AND close when you shallow
Epiglottitis Imflammation of the epiglottis
Bronch/o OR bronch/i Bronchi
Bronchi are The two primary airway branches off the trachea
Bronchoplasty Surgical repair of a bronchus
Bronchitis Inflammation of a bronchus
Bronchogram A record of the bronchi
Bronchography The process of recording the bronchi
Bronchoconstriction decreased diameter(lumen) of the bronchi
Bronchodilation Increased diameter(lumen) of the bronchi
Bronchogenic carcinoma cancerous tumor or mass originating in a bronchus
Bronchoscope A lighted instrument to veiw the bronchi
Bronchoscopy The process of veiwing the bronchi with a lighted instrument
LaryngoTracheoBronchitis(LTB) Inflammation of the larynx,trachea,AND the bronchi
Bronchiol/o Bronchioles
Bronchioles Small bronchi
Bronchiolitis Inflammation of the bronchioles
Alveol/o Alveoli
Alveoli are microscopic air sacs at the ends of the bronchioles
Alveoli are Necessary for respiration
Respiration means The exchange of gases
Alveolar Pertaining to the alveoli
Bronchoalveolar Pertaining to the bronchi AND the alveoli
Pleur/o Pleura(e)
Pleura(e)Is/are the Protective membrane(s) surrounding each lung
Pleuritis Inflammation of a pleura AKA Pleurisy
Pleurocentesis Surgical puncture of a pleura
Pleuropexy Surgical fixation of a pleura
Pneum/o Air OR lung
Pneumography The process of recording a lung
Pneumobronchotomy Surgical incision of a bronchus in a lung
Pneumoconiosis An abnormal condition of a lung caused by dust
Pneumon/o Lung OR air
Pneumonitis Inflammation of a lung
Pneumonectomy Surgical removal of a lung
Pneumat/o Lung OR air
Pneumatocele Herniation of a lung
Pulmon/o Lung
Pulmonary edema(swelling) Pertaining to fluid in a lung
Thorac/o AND -thorax Chest
Thoracodynia A condition of pain in the chest
Thoracocentesis Surgical puncture of the thorax
Thoracoscope A lighted instrument to veiw the thorax
Thoracoscopy The process of veiwing the thorax with a lighted instrument
Thoracotomy A surgical incision of the thorax
Chest tube A tube surgically inserted into the thorax to aspirate abnormal substances
Aspirate(aspiration) Drawing in or out by suction
Pneumothorax Air in the chest(pleural cavity)
Hemothorax Blood in the chest(pleural cavity)
Pyothorax Pus in the chest(pleural cavity)
Hydrothorax fluid in the chest(pleural cavity)
Pleural cavity is AKA Pleural effusion
Diaphragmat/o Diaphragm
The diaphragm is the Primary muscle of ventilation
Ventilation means Breathing
Diaphragmatic Pertaining to the diaphragm
Diaphragmatocele Herniation of the diaphragm
Hiccup A spasm of the diaphragm
Spir/o AND -pnea breathe (ventilate)
Inspirate Inhale(inhalation)
Expirate Exhale(exhalation)
Incentive spirometry(IS) The process of measuring the ability to self ventilate(breathe)
Ventilator A device to assit inspiration AND expiration
Hypoventilation Deficient breathing AKA Hypopnea(Hypopnic)
HYperventilation Excessive(fast)breathing AKA tachypnea OR (tachypnic)OR Hyperpnea(Hyperpnic)
Eupnea(eupnic) Normal breathing
Bradypnea(bradypnic) Slow breathing
Dyspea(dyspnic) Difficult or painful breathing
Apnea(apnic) No breathing
Obstructive Sleep Apnea(OSA) Airway obstruction causing apnea while sleeping
Ambu bag Used to ventilate an apnic patient
Orth/o straight
Orthopnea(orthopnic) Straight breathing
Orthopnea means a person must Sit up straight to breathe easier
Sinus/o Sinus
A sinus is a cranial (skull)cavity
Sinusotomy Surgical incision of a sinus
Sinusitis Inflammation of a sinus
Ox/o OR ox/i Oxygen(O2)
Hypoxia(hypoxic) A condition of deficient oxygen(O2)
Anoxia(anoxic) A condition of no oxygen(O2)AKA asphyxia(asphyxiate)OR suffocate(suffocation)
Hypoxemia A blood condition of deficient oxygen(02)
Oximetry The process of measuring oxygen(02)
-Ectasis Dilation
Bronchiectasis Dilation of a bronchus
Radi/o X-rays
Radiology The study of X-rays
Expectorate(expectorant) The act of expelling sputum from the lungs
Sputum Mucus expelled from the lungs AKA phlegm
Hemoptysis Expectorating(coughing up)blood
Hematemesis Vomitting blood
Croup A bark-like cough(seal)
Atelectasis A collapsed lung
Flu Influenza
Nebuizer A device that vaporized medicine AKA a vaporizer
Dysphonia(dysphonic) Difficulty making vocal sounds
Aphonia(aphonic) Inability to make vocal sounds
Epistaxis Nose bleed
Nasal cannula A device used to deliver oxygen(02) AKA nasal prong
Nares Nostrils
Intubation(intubate) The process of inserting an endotracheal(ET)tube
Copious A large amount
Lobectomy Surgical removal of a lobe(section)
Septum Wall
Septoplasty Surgical repair of a septum
Septotomy Surgical incision of a septum
Endoscopy The process of veiwing with a lighted instrument within
Apex Superior(top)
Heart-lung machine A machine that respirates the blood when the heart is stopped for surgical procedures
Pulmonary toilet Techniques used to clear the lungs of sputum(phlegm)
Pulmonary toilet techniques include: 1.)Turn,CoughAND deep breathe(TC+DB) 2.)Percussion(clapping)AND vibration(shaking) 3.)postural drainage(prone position with the upper torso lower then feel).
Pulmonary toilet is AKA Chest PhysioTheraphy(CPT)
Percussion can also refer to tapping on the body for diagnostic sounds
Rales Crackling Breath sounds(BS)heard during auscultation
auscultation means Listening with a sethoscope
Rhonchi Wheezing
Stridor A high pitched Breath Sounds(BS) indicative of airway obstruction
Productive cough Sputum is produced
Nonproductive cough Dry cough-no sputum(phlegm)
Which type of cough should be suppressed? Nonproductive
Antitussive Against coughing(cough suppressant)
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
SOB Short Of Breath
RT(IT) Respiratory Therapy (Inhalation Therapy)
DOE Dyspnea On Exertion
C+S Culture AND Sensitivity
AC+S is A test to grow bacteria AND determine the best antibiotic to treat the infection
CX Culture
PFT Pulmonary Function Tests
CXR Chest X-Ray
Sx Suction
Hx History
Tx Treatment
NPPV Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation
Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation(NPPV)is a breathing treatment(Tx)
URI Upper Respiratory Infection
PE Pulmonary Embolism
TB Tuberculosis
PPD Intradermal test for TuBerculosis(TB)
VPS Ventilation Perfusion Scanning
ABG Arterial Blood Gases
Lobes Sections(L-lung 2,R-lung 3)
RLL RML LLL RUL LUL Right Lower Lobe,Right Medial Lobe,Left Lower Lobe,Right Upper Lobe,Left Upper Lobe
SARS Severe Acute respiratory Syndrome
ARDS Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome
CF Cystic Fibrosis
DPT Diphtheria,Pertussis(whooping cough),AND Tetanus immunization(vaccination)
PCP(Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia) The pneumonia associated with Acquired ImmunoDeficiency syndrome(AIDS)
Diagnostic Imaging(DI) Hospital department where CAT,MRI,radiology,nuclear medicine,AND ultrasonography are performed
CT OR CAT Computerized(Axial)Tomography
Tomography refers to The process of recording X-ray picture slices
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Created by: BLM1095