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A.P HuGe Chp 1 Vocab

The vocab from Chapter 1 of A.P. Human Geography

TermDefinition
Agricultural Density The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
Arithmetic Density The total number of people divided by the total land area.
Base Line An east-west line designated under the Land Ordinance Act of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the U.S.
Cartography The science of map making
Concentration The spread of something over a given area.
Connections Relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space.
Contagious Diffusion The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population
Cultural Ecology Geographic approach that emphasizes environmental relationships.
Cultural Landscape Fashioning of a natural landscape.
Culture The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group's distinct traditions.
Density The frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area.
Diffusion The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time.
Distance Decay The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
Distribution The arrangement of something across Earth's surface.
Environmental Determinism Approach to the study of geography which argued that general laws sought by geographers could be found in physical sciences. Geography was therefore the study of how the physical environment caused human activities.
Expansion Diffusion The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area in a snowballing process.
Formal Region (Uniform or Homogeneous) An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics.
Functional Region (nodal) Ar area organized around a node or a focal point.
Geographic Information System (GIS) A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes and displays geographic data.
Global Positioning System (GPS) A system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers.
Globalization Actions of processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) The time in that zone encompassing the prime meridian or 0 degrees longitude.
Hearth The region from which innovation originates.
Hierarchical Diffusion The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places.
International Date Line An arc that follows 180 degrees longitude although avoids land areas. When heading toward America the clock goes back 24 hours.
Land Ordinance Act of 1785 Divided the West into a grid system to facilitate settlement.
Latitude The numbering system used to indicate parallels north and south of the equator.
Longitude The numbering system used to indicate the meridian east and west of the Prime meridian.
Map A flat representation of the Earth, or a part of it.
Mental Map A representation of the Earth based on what an individual knows about that place.
Meridian An arc on a map between the north and south poles.
Parallel A circle drawn around the globe that is always parallel to the equator.
Pattern The geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area.
Physiological Density The number of people per unit of area of land suitable for agriculture.
Place A specific point on Earth distinguished by a specific character.
Polder Land created by the Dutch by draining water from an area.
Possibilism The theory that the environment does set limits but, humans can also modify the environment.
Prime Meridian The meridian designated as 0 degrees longitude.
Principal Meridian A north-south line designated in the Land Ordinance Act of 1785.
Projection The system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a flat map.
Region An area distinguished by a unique combination of features.
Regional Studies An approach to geography that emphasizes relationships among social and physical phenomena.
Relocation Diffusion The spread of a feature through bodily movement.
Remote Sensing The acquisition of data from satellite video about the Earth's surface.
Resource A substance from the environment that is useful to people in that environment.
Scale The relationship between the portion of the Earth being studied and the entire world.
Section A square normally 1 mile on each side.
Site The physical character of a place.
Situation The location of a place relative to other places.
Space The physical gap or interval between two objects.
Space-time Compression The reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something.
Stimulus Diffusion The spread of an underlying principle. Ex. Apple
Toponym The name given to a portion of the Earth's surface.
Township A square normally 6 miles on each side.
Transnational Corporation A company that operates in more than one country.
Uneven Development The increasing gap in economic conditions between core and peripheral countries.
Vernacular Region A area that people think exists as a part of their cultural identity.
What are the three types of Map Scales? 1. Ratio/Fraction Scale. 2. Written Words. 3. Graphic Scale and Pictorial Representation.
The difference between interrupted and uninterrupted maps. interrupted maps have cut outs or indents. While uninterrupted don't.
Name three types of map projections 1. HEALPIX 2. Mercator 3. Robinson
What are MDC's and LDC's More Developed Countries and Less Developed Countries.
Koppen Systems (5) 1.Tropical Humid & Seasonal 2.Dry Semiarid & Desert 3. Warm Mid-Latitude, humid subtropical, mediterranean, & marine west coast 4. Cold Mid-Latitude Humid, Continental & Subarctic 5. Polar tundra & ice caps
Biome Plant Communities (4) 1. Forest 2. Savannah 3. Grasslands 4. Desert
Classification of Soil Orders Order - Suborder - Great Groups - Subgroups - families - series
What is Gender and Ethnic Diversity Segregation of ethnic neighborhoods on a local scale.
Created by: MyKeilah