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Chapter 2 APHumanGeo
Chapter 2 vocabulary for APHG.
|CDR-- Crude Death Rate
|The total number of deaths in one year for every 1,000 people alive in the society.
|CBR-- Crude Birth Rate
|The total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society.
|A bar graph that represents the distribution of population by age and sex.
|Zero Population Growth
|A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero.
|A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.
|Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that has diffused to the poorer countries in Latin America, Asia, and Africa.
|The number of males per 100 females in a population.
|The number of years needed to double a population, assuring a constant rate of natural increase.
|The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
|The total number of people divided by the total land area.
|The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
|IMR-- Infant Mortality Rate
|The total number of deaths in a year among infants under one year of age for every 1,000 live births in a society.
|The average number of years an individual can be expected to live given current social, economic, and medical conditions.
|The portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement.
|The scientific study of population characteristics.
|TFR-- Total Fertility Rate
|The average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years.
|Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population.
|The number of people under the age of 15 and over the age of 64 compared to the number of people active in labor force.
|Policies that encourage child bearing.
|The goal to slow population growth by decreasing total fertility rate and crude birth rate.
|Standard of Living
|The degree of wealth and material comfort available to a person or community.
|Lower population density than normal or desired.
|When growing crops was discovered opposed to hunting and gathering. One of the causes of the J curve.
|The generation born after the baby boomers in the 1960's and the 1970's.
|An increase in birth rate in the 1950's.
|Epidemiological Transition Model
|Focuses on health threats in each stage of the demographic transition.
|Demographic Transition Model
|Population change model about what happens to population as development advances.