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Chapter 2 APHumanGeo

Chapter 2 vocabulary for APHG.

TermDefinition
CDR-- Crude Death Rate The total number of deaths in one year for every 1,000 people alive in the society.
CBR-- Crude Birth Rate The total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society.
Population Pyramid A bar graph that represents the distribution of population by age and sex.
Zero Population Growth A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero.
Industrial Revolution A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.
Medical Revolution Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that has diffused to the poorer countries in Latin America, Asia, and Africa.
Sex Ratio The number of males per 100 females in a population.
Doubling Time The number of years needed to double a population, assuring a constant rate of natural increase.
Physiological Density The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
Arithmetic Density The total number of people divided by the total land area.
Agricultural Density The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
IMR-- Infant Mortality Rate The total number of deaths in a year among infants under one year of age for every 1,000 live births in a society.
Life Expectancy The average number of years an individual can be expected to live given current social, economic, and medical conditions.
Ecumene The portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement.
Demography The scientific study of population characteristics.
TFR-- Total Fertility Rate The average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years.
Pandemic Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population.
Depending Ratio The number of people under the age of 15 and over the age of 64 compared to the number of people active in labor force.
Pro-Natalist Policies Policies that encourage child bearing.
Anti-Natalist Policies The goal to slow population growth by decreasing total fertility rate and crude birth rate.
Standard of Living The degree of wealth and material comfort available to a person or community.
Underpopulation Lower population density than normal or desired.
Agricultural Revolution When growing crops was discovered opposed to hunting and gathering. One of the causes of the J curve.
Generation X The generation born after the baby boomers in the 1960's and the 1970's.
Baby Boomers An increase in birth rate in the 1950's.
Epidemiological Transition Model Focuses on health threats in each stage of the demographic transition.
Demographic Transition Model Population change model about what happens to population as development advances.
Created by: rgriffo