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Stack #1326931

Midterm exam

achalasia partial paralysis of the distal esophagus making food difficult to swallow
adenocarcinoma malignant cancer of glands
adhesions band-like scar tissue from previous abdominal surgeries
AGE acute gastroenteritis (stomach flu)
Ampulla of Vater duct that connects the gallbladder to the duodenum
amylase digestive enzymes that break down starch (carbohydrates)
ankyloglossia the term for "tongue-tied"
anorexia loss of appetite
ascites excessive fluid accumulation in the abdominal due to liver dysfunction
bolus the amount of food that can be easily swallowed
borborygmus loud, grumbling sounds from the GI tract
cecum first part of the large intestines where the appendix is attached
cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder
cholelithiasis gallbladder stones
chyme soupy, liquified substance as result of the beginning of digestion in the stomach
Crohn's chronic inflammatory bowel disease that affects segments and full-thickness of the intestines
defecation indigestable waste products passed through the anus
deglutition the process of swallowing
digestion the process of chemically breaking down food small enough to enter body cells for nutrition
dyspepsia a medical term for "heart burn"
dysphagia difficulty swallowing
esophageal varicies varicose veins in the esophagus related to alcoholic cirrhosis
frenulum tissue that attaches the tongue to the floor of the mouth
gastroparesis nerve damage around the stomach causing a delay of food leaving the stomach (DIABETICS)
GERD chronic reflux of the stomach contents into the esophagus and mouth
H. pylori a bacteria that is the most common cause of peptic ulcers
hard palate bony partition that makes up the anterior portion of the roof of the mouth
hematemesis vomiting blood
hematochezia bright red blood in and around the stools; often indicating local, recent rectal bleeding
hemolysis breaking down of red blood cells
hepatic flexure the bend in the colon at the right upper quadrant
hiatal hernia part of the stomach slides past the diaphragm into the chest cavity
ileus a part or complete paralysis of the intestines that may or may not cause an obstruction
ingestion the process of taking food and fluids into the body
intussusception abnormal telescoping of the intestines due to a paralysis of a segment of the intestine
irritable bowel disease spastic colon that commonly affects young women causing alternating pain, diarrhea, and constipation
jaundice yellowish tinge of the skin and eyes due to elevated bilirubin
LES sphincter that is located at the base of the esophagus that allows food to enter the stomach
lipase digestive enzymes that works bile and breaks down fat
lumen the opening or inside diameter of the intestine
mastication the process of mechanically breaking down food products
melena black, tarry stool often indicating chronic bleeding from the stomach
omentum layers of adipose that drapes the colon
parotid gland salivary gland located in front and below the ears
peristalsis the active movement of food through the GI tract
peritoneal cavity the space in which the digestive organs are located
peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneal lining
pernicious anemia lack of intrinsic factor and B12 deficiency due to inadequate parietal cells
ptyalism a condition involving the salivary glands
pyloric sphincter that controls substances exiting the stomach
septicemia bacterial infection that has infiltrated into the bloodstream
sigmoid the area of the colon where the majority of colon cancers develops
soft palate muscular partition that make up the posterior portion of the roof of the mouth
Sphincter of Oddi opening between the pancreas and small intestines (duodenum)
splenic flexure the bend in the colon at the left upper quadrant
submandibular gland salivary gland located under the jaw bone
ulcerative colitis chronic inflammatory bowel disease that affects continuous areas of the intestines, but not full-thickness ulcerations
uvula tissue that hangs from the roof of the mouth that helps prevent food from entering the nasal cavity
vagus nerve part of the nervous system that helps control the digestive system
volvulus abnormal twisting of the bowel that can cause a complete obstruction
Created by: Frannkie