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Fall Roman Empire

Fall of the Roman Empire

Rome's first emperor. Set powers so emperors could declare war, raise taxes, punish lawbreakers, nominate public officials and lead religious events. Augustus
People who could participate in government. Citizens
A human-made channel that carried water from distant mountain ranges into Rome or other cities. Aqueduct (a-kwuh-duhkts)
A new idea or way of doing something Innovation
The leader of the Christian church in Rome Pope
A government in which people elect their leaders is known as a ... ? Republic
Citizens were given rights to vote and hold office but they also had other duties like ... Paying taxes and serving in the army (men)
One group of Roman philosophers taught that people shouldn't be concerned with possessions but rather on how to improve the lives of all citizens. Stoics (STOH-iks)
By the first century CE, this religion appeared in Rome. By the 300s, most of Rome's population followed its teachings. Christianity
Productive and not wasteful. (Using the least amount of resources to get the most product of high quality) Efficient
A plan for fighting a battle or war. Strategy
People that Romans considered uncivilized were known as ... Barbarians
At the height of the Roman Empire, it covered most of the _____________________________ sea. Including parts of North Africa, the Middle East, and Europe. Mediterranean
What are some internal factors the Roman Empire faced? Not enough farmers, not enough soldiers, hired farmers/soldiers that came from conquered tribes/villages, disease, raised taxes.
This emperor took power in the late 200s CE and split the empire into two factions because he thought it was too large for one man to rule. Diocletian (dy-uh-KLEE-shuhn)
After Diocletian's rule, this emperor stuck power and moved the capital of Rome to the Eastern half. Constantine (KAHN-stuhn-teen)
The new capital in the East was called Constantinople
Some outside factors the Roman Empire struggled with included Attacks from barbarians from the North, attacks from Persians to the East, and attacks from the Huns in the North East. Many different groups attacked (Franks, Vandals, Angles, Jutes, Saxons, Burgundians, Huns, Ostrogoths, Visigoths)
What strategy did Rome use to keep the Goths away from their cities? Romans fought to keep Goths away and paid them not to attack
After the Goths sacked the heart of Rome, what other barbarian groups attacked the Empire? Vandals invaded parts of Spain and Northern Africa. Angles, Saxons, and Jutes invaded parts of Britain. Franks invaded Gaul. Huns invaded in the East.
The decay of people's values Corruption
This Hun leader led raids across Constantinople, Greece, Gaul, and Northern Italy. He never entered Rome for fear of disease. Attila (AT-uhl-uh)
Dedication and loyalty Devotion
A promise or certainty Guarantee
Factors that have an effect on an event or person Influences
Constantinople was built on the site of an ancient Greek trading city called... Byzantium (buh-ZAN-shuhm)
This emperor ruled from 527-565 CE and reunited the Empire after conquering Italy and much of the area surrounding the Mediterranean. Justinian (juh-stin-ee-uhn)
By simplifying Roman law, this code helped guarantee fair treatment for all. It removed any out-of-date or unchristian laws. Justinian Code
Smart and Powerful, Justinian's wife _______________________ helped keep Rome under rule. Theodora (thee-uh-DOHR-uh)
In 1453, this group captured Constantinople and officially ended the Roman Empire. Ottoman Turks
What did historians name the society that developed in the east after the fall of the west? Byzantine (BI-zuhn-teen) Empire - Named after greek town Byzantium
Why did the eastern (Byzantine) society differ from the western society? (Geographical) Constantinople was central trading location for Asia, Europe, and Africa. Brought many peoples together. Mediterranean trading routes.
How did the Byzantine government differ from the western ways of government? Byzantine emperors more power and they flaunted it. Byz emperors considered political ruler AND the head of the church. Popes/Bishops leader of western churches - emperor only had political power.
A picture made with pieces of colored stone or glass. Modern versions made with different mediums Mosaic
Built by Justinian, this magnificent church has huge domes that reach high above Constantinople. Hagia Sophia (HAH-juh soh-FEE-uh)
How did Christian practice differ from Eastern and Western society? Eastern priests could marry - Western could not. Religious services held in Greek in the east - Western held in Latin. Pope head of the church in West - Emperor in Byzantine.
Created by: MrNess