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Fall 13 A&P

Skeletal and Muscle system

QuestionAnswer
Functions of the Skeletal system Support, Protection, Movement, Storage
Types of Bones Long, Short, Flat, Round, Irregular
Axial Skeleton Skull, Vertebral Column, Ribs, Sternum
Appendicular Skeleton Appendages
How many bones in the adult body 206
How many bones in a child's body over 300
How many sets of ribs 12
Divisions of ribs True, False, and Floating
Explanation of divisions True; connected to sternum, via costal cartilage and spine. False; connected to 7th rib via costal cartilage and spine. Floating; connected only to spine
What is the anatomical name for the colarbone Clavicle
What is the anatomical name for the kneecap Patella
What is the anatomical name for the thigh bone Femur
What are the three types of joints Immovable or Synarthroses, slightly movable joints or amphiarthroses, and freely movable or diarthroses
What is Arthritis inflammation of the joint
Functions of the Muscular system Movement, Posture, Joint Stability, Heat Production
what are the characteristics of the muscular system Excitability, Contractility, Extensibility, Elasticity
What are the three types of muscles Smooth, Skeletal, and Cardiac
Define Flexion Bringing two bones closer together
Define Extension Increases the distance between two bones
Abduction Move away from the midline of the body
Adduction Move toward the midline of the body
Supination rotation of the forearm, turning palm up
Pronation rotation of the forearm, turning palm downward
Inversion movement of the sole of the foot inward
Eversion movement of the sole of the foot outward
Approximately how many muscles are in the human body over 600
Which muscle is the largest muscle mass in the body Gluteal muscles
What is the name of the muscle that is most commonly used for childhood vaccinations or injections Vastus Lateralis (thigh muscle)
Name a muscle that has an insertion point at the Humerus Pectoral muscles, Deltoid, Rotator Cuff
Name a muscle that has an insertion point at the Femur Gluteus Maximus, Gluteal muscle group, Adductor group
What is MS (Multiple Sclerosis)
Created by: MissTina