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APHG StClair

TermDefinition
Absolute distance exact measurement of the physical space between 2 places.
toponym the name given to a place on earth
site the physical character of a place
situation the location of a place relative to other places.
meridian an arc drawn between the north and south poles.
prime meridian 0 degrees longitude
parallel a circle drawn around the globe to the equator and at right angles to the meridians
international date line 180 degrees longitude
cultural landscape a combination of cultural features such as language and religion, economic features such as agriculture and industry, and physical features such as climate and vegetation.
regional studies approach geographers argued that each region had its own distinctive landscape that results from a unique combination of social relationships and physical processes.
formal region aka uniform region, or homogeneous region is an area within which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics.
functional region aka a nodal region, is an area organized around a node or focal point.
vernacular region aka perceptual region is a place that people believe exisrs as part of their cultural identity,
mental map an internal representation of a portion of earths surface
environmental determinism the view that human geographers should apply laws from the natural sciences to understanding relationships between the physical environment and human actions.
cultural ecology the geographic study of human-environment relationships.
possibilism the physical environment may limit some human acrions but people jave the ability to adjust to their lives.
globalization a force or process that involves the entire world and results in making something worldwide in scope.
transnational corporation leaders of the globalization of the economy.
density the frequency with which something occurs in space.
arithmetic density the total number of objects in an area. commonly used to compare the distribution of population in different countries.
physical density the number of persons per unit of area suitable for agriculture. may mean that a country has difficulty growing enough food to sustain its population.
agricultural density the number of farmers per unit area of farmland. may mean that a country has inefficient agriculture.
pattern the geometric arrangement of objects in space.
distance decay the farther away two groups are from each other, the less likely they are to interact.
diffusion the process by which a characteristic spreads across space from one place to another over time.
hearth the place from which an innovation originates
relocation diffusion the spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another
expansion diffusion the spread of a feature from one place to another in a snowballing process. may result from one of the three processes of diffusion
hierarchiacal diffusion the spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places.
contagious diffusion the rapid, widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population.
stimulus diffusion the spread of an inderlying principle, even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to diffuse.
uneven development the increasing gap in economic conditions between regions in the core and periphery that results from the globalization of the economy.
eratosthenes created a remarkably accurate computation of earths circumference, whicg he based on the suns angle at te summer solstice.created the word geography.
cartography the art and science of map making
Created by: 100000302498036