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Population Chapter 2

Flashcards for vocabulary and questions from the "Wozepardy" game.

QuestionAnswer
Process of change from stages; example: Countries in sub-Saharan Africa are in stage 2 while the US and most of Western Europe is in stage 4. Demographic Transition
Average number of years an individual is expected to live based on social, economic, and medical conditions; example: The __________ ___________ in China is 73 years, while the _____________ ___________ in Nigeria is 53 years. Life Expectancy
Occurs when the number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living Overpopulation
Portion of the Earth's surface occupied by a permanent human settlement; example: the city of Miami Ecumene
Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high part of the population; example: The Black Plague Pandemic
Distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition; example: During the cholera outbreak, the ___________ ___________ was due to sewage water contamination. Epidemiologic Transition
Decline of a total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero Zero Population Growth (ZPG)
Total number of deaths yearly among infants under 1 year old for every 1,00 live births in a society Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
Medical science concerned with incidence, distribution, and control of prevalent diseases in a population at a certain time and those that are produced by special causes not normally present in the area; example: study of Black Plague Epidemiology
Time when humans first domesticated plants and animals and no longer completely depended on hunting and gathering Agricultural Revolution
A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex; example: The shape of the ______________ ______________ is mostly dependent on the CBR. Population Pyramid
The number of people under 15 and over 64 compared to the number of people supporting themselves by working Dependency Ratio
Complete enumeration of a population; example: Every decade, the US takes a ___________, or counts the population. Census
Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that diffused to Latin America, Asia, and Africa and helped to eliminate traditional causes of death and enabled longer and healthier lives Medical Revolution
Ratio of farmers to the amount of fertile (arable) land Agricultural Density
Number of people per unit of arable land Physiological Density
Total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society Crude Death Rate (CDR)
Percentage growth of a population in 1 year; calculated as the CBR-CDR Natural Increase Rate (NIR)
Total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in society Crude Birth Rate (CBR)
Science of population characteristics; example: The _______________ of Everglades is 31% Hispanic, 33% White, 25% Black, and 5% Asian. Demography
Number of years needed to double a population Doubling Time
Average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years; this statistic is normally calculated from roughly ages 15 through 49. Total Fertility Rate (TFR)
Number of males per 100 females in the population; example: 97:100 in North America means there are 97 men for every 100 women Sex Ratio
Number of people divided by land area Arithmetic Density
Series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods Industrial Revolution
What is the world's fourth largest concentration? Southeast Asia
What is the most populous country in Southeast Asia? Indonesia
What does it mean if the physiological density is larger than the agricultural density? Little arable land
What is the most populous country in the world? China
The CDR is highest in which of the four demographic transition stages? Stage 1
In what two stages is the growth rate low? Stages 1 and 4
How is Japan reducing their CBR? Japan is encouraging the elderly and women to work
What rate impacts the shape of a population pyramid? Crude Birth Rate (CBR)
During what stage is population growth the most rapid? Stage 2
If two countries have the same arithmetic density, they have the same what? Similar ratio of people per area of land
Which country has the higher NIR? Country A: CBR of 40 and CDR of 15 or Country B: CBR of 20 and CDR of 9 Country A
During what stage does a steep decrease in CDR occur? Stage 2
How did the Industrial Revolution affect the world? Improvement of technology
During what stage would a CBR of 10:1,000 be most likely to occur? Stage 4
What measure to geographers use to study fertility? Crude Birth Rate
The region of sub-Saharan Africa and other LDCs would be expected to have a low: Life Expectancy
What is the natural increase rate of the world? 1.2%
If a country's CBR is 40 and its CDR is 15, it is most likely in: Stage 2
In which of the four most concentrated regions in the world do most people live in cities? Europe
What are some places where most people live in the mountains? Switzerland, Africa, Latin America (Mexico City)
What is arable land? Land that is suitable for agriculture
Created by: SydneyR