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Population Chapter 2
Flashcards for vocabulary and questions from the "Wozepardy" game.
|Process of change from stages; example: Countries in sub-Saharan Africa are in stage 2 while the US and most of Western Europe is in stage 4.
|Average number of years an individual is expected to live based on social, economic, and medical conditions; example: The __________ ___________ in China is 73 years, while the _____________ ___________ in Nigeria is 53 years.
|Occurs when the number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living
|Portion of the Earth's surface occupied by a permanent human settlement; example: the city of Miami
|Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high part of the population; example: The Black Plague
|Distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition; example: During the cholera outbreak, the ___________ ___________ was due to sewage water contamination.
|Decline of a total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero
|Zero Population Growth (ZPG)
|Total number of deaths yearly among infants under 1 year old for every 1,00 live births in a society
|Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
|Medical science concerned with incidence, distribution, and control of prevalent diseases in a population at a certain time and those that are produced by special causes not normally present in the area; example: study of Black Plague
|Time when humans first domesticated plants and animals and no longer completely depended on hunting and gathering
|A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex; example: The shape of the ______________ ______________ is mostly dependent on the CBR.
|The number of people under 15 and over 64 compared to the number of people supporting themselves by working
|Complete enumeration of a population; example: Every decade, the US takes a ___________, or counts the population.
|Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that diffused to Latin America, Asia, and Africa and helped to eliminate traditional causes of death and enabled longer and healthier lives
|Ratio of farmers to the amount of fertile (arable) land
|Number of people per unit of arable land
|Total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society
|Crude Death Rate (CDR)
|Percentage growth of a population in 1 year; calculated as the CBR-CDR
|Natural Increase Rate (NIR)
|Total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in society
|Crude Birth Rate (CBR)
|Science of population characteristics; example: The _______________ of Everglades is 31% Hispanic, 33% White, 25% Black, and 5% Asian.
|Number of years needed to double a population
|Average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years; this statistic is normally calculated from roughly ages 15 through 49.
|Total Fertility Rate (TFR)
|Number of males per 100 females in the population; example: 97:100 in North America means there are 97 men for every 100 women
|Number of people divided by land area
|Series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods
|What is the world's fourth largest concentration?
|What is the most populous country in Southeast Asia?
|What does it mean if the physiological density is larger than the agricultural density?
|Little arable land
|What is the most populous country in the world?
|The CDR is highest in which of the four demographic transition stages?
|In what two stages is the growth rate low?
|Stages 1 and 4
|How is Japan reducing their CBR?
|Japan is encouraging the elderly and women to work
|What rate impacts the shape of a population pyramid?
|Crude Birth Rate (CBR)
|During what stage is population growth the most rapid?
|If two countries have the same arithmetic density, they have the same what?
|Similar ratio of people per area of land
|Which country has the higher NIR? Country A: CBR of 40 and CDR of 15 or Country B: CBR of 20 and CDR of 9
|During what stage does a steep decrease in CDR occur?
|How did the Industrial Revolution affect the world?
|Improvement of technology
|During what stage would a CBR of 10:1,000 be most likely to occur?
|What measure to geographers use to study fertility?
|Crude Birth Rate
|The region of sub-Saharan Africa and other LDCs would be expected to have a low:
|What is the natural increase rate of the world?
|If a country's CBR is 40 and its CDR is 15, it is most likely in:
|In which of the four most concentrated regions in the world do most people live in cities?
|What are some places where most people live in the mountains?
|Switzerland, Africa, Latin America (Mexico City)
|What is arable land?
|Land that is suitable for agriculture