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Stack #1322348


Sublingual pertaining to underneath the tongue
Mastification a process of chewing
Deglution a process of swallowing
Appendiceal pertaining to the appendix
Appendix A small stucture hanging from a larger structure
Defecation Process by which undigested materials and water are removed from the body as a bowel movement
Duodenum a 10 inch, C-shaped segment that begins at the stomach and ends at the jejunum.
Epiglottis a flap of cartilage at the root of the tongue, which is depressed during swallowing to cover the opening of the windpipe.
Esophagus a flexible , muscular tube that connects the pharynx to the stomach.
Flatus Gas produced by bacteria that inhabit the large intestine.
Jejunum Second part of the small intestine.
Lactase milk enzyme
Meconium dark green substance forming the first feces of a newborn infant.
Mucosa Mucous membrane that lines the gastrointestinal system and produces mucus.
Palate Above your mouth
Pancreas Triangular organ located posterior to the stomach. It secretes digestive enzymes into the duodenum.
Peritoneum Double-layer serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity and surrounds each gastrointestinal organ.
Pharynx the membrane-lined cavity behind the nose and mouth, connecting them to the esophagus.
Rectum Final part of the large intestine. It is a short, straight segment that lies between the sigmoid colon and the anus.
Saliva watery liquid secreted into the mouth by glands the helps chewing.
Salivary Gland 3 pairs: the parotid glands, sublingual glands, and submandiibular glands.
Stomach The major part of digestion.
Tongue Large muscle that fills the oral cavity and assits with eating and talking.
Digestion Pertaining to breaking down food.
Anorexia Decreased appetite because of disease or the gastrointestinal side effects of a drug.
Dysphagia difficulty swallowing state
Polyphagia over eating disease
Stomatitis A stone that forms in the salavary gland and becomes lodged in the duct, blocking the flow of saliva.
Gastroenteritis Acute inflammation in the stomach and intestines.
Gastroesophageal pertaining to the stomach and esophagus.
Hematemesis Vomitting of the blood.
Nausea unpleasent, queasy feeling in the stomach that precedes the urge to vomit.
Emesis is the expelling of food from the stomach through the mouth.
Adenocarcinoma a malignant tumor formed from glandular structures in epithelial tissue.
Peptic ulcer Chronic irritation, burning pain, and erosion of the mucosa to form an ulcer.
Malrotation vomitting and abdominal pain.
Appendicitis a serious medical condition in which the appendix becomes inflamed and painful.
Diverticulosis the condition of multiple diverticula. Straining to pass feces.
Hemorrhoid a swollen vein or group of veins in the region of the anus.
Obstipation severe or complete constipation.
Sialolithiasis formation of stones in the salivary glands.
Flatulence Presence of excessive amounts of gas in the stomach or intestine.
Hematochezia Blood in the feces.
Incontinence Inability to voluntarily control bowel movemnets.
Omphalocele an umbilical hernia that is present at birth and is only covered with peritoneum, without any fat or abdominal skin.
Ascites the accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity, causing abdominal swelling.
Peritonitis inflammation and infection of the peritoneum.
Cirrhosis Chronic, progressive inflammation and finally irrreversible degeneration of the liver.
Hepatitis Inflamation and infection of the liver from the hepatitis virus.
Hepatomegaly liver enlargement.
hepatosplenomegaly Enlargement of the spleen and liver.
Cholelithiasis One or more gallstones in the gallbladder.
Pancreatitis Inflammation or infection of the pancreas.
Postoperative during the period following a surgical operation.
Ulcerative Colitis Serious chrinic inflamation of the large intestines.
Diarrhea When feces become a liquid form.
Jaundice Yellowish discoloration of the skin and whites of the eyes.
Albumin the major protein molecule in the blood.
Bilirubin Test for unconjugated, conjugated, and total bilirubin levels.
Barium enema Procedure that uses liquid radiopaque contrast inserted into the rectum and colon.
Cholangiography Procedure that uses a contrast dye to outline the bile ducts.
Appendectomy Procedure to remove the appendix because of appendicitis.
Biopsy Procedure to remove a small piece of tissue from an ulcer, polyp, mass, or tumor.
Cholecystecotmy Procedure to remove the gallbladder.
Colostomy Procedure to remove the diseased part of the colon and create a new opening in the abdominal wall.
Gastroscopy visualization and examination of the stomach.
Hemorrhoidectomy Procedure to remove hemorrhoids from the rectum or around the anus.
Endoscope a flexible, fiberoptic scope with a magnifying lens and a light source.
Herniorrhaphy Procedure that uses sutures to close a defect in the muscle wall where there is a hernia.
Abdominocentesis centesis of the belly to remove fluid for diagnosis.
Drug Categories antacid, antibiotic, antidiarrheal, antiemetic, drugs for gallstones, H2 blocker drugs, laxative, and proton pump inhibitor drugs.
Antibiotic Treat gastrointestinal infections caused by bacteria.
Antidiarrheal Treats diarrhea.
Antiemetic Treat nausea and vomiting and motion sickness.
ABD abdomen
a.c. before meals
BE barium enema
BM bowel movement
BS bowel sounds
EGD esophagogastroduoenoscopy
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
IBD inflammatory bowel disease
LFTs liver function tests
LLQ left lower quadrant
LUQ left upper quadrant
N nausea and vomitting
NG nasogastric
NPO nothing by mouth
O ova and parasites
p.c. after meals
PO by mouth
PUD peptic ulcer disease
RLQ right lower quadrant
RUQ right upper quadrant
UGI upper gastrointestinal (series)
Created by: rkempf