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History of SW Asia

Development of SW Asia Test Study Guide

Anti-Semitism discrimination against Jews
Holocaust the mass murder of millions of Jews and other people during WWII
Zionism the belief that Jews should have a country in their ancient homeland (Israel)
Taliban group of radical Muslims that controlled the government of Afghanistan
Saddam Hussein the dictator of Iraq during the Persian Gulf War and Operation Iraqi Freedom
Partition to divide
What did the British promise the Arabs in exchange for revolting against the Ottoman Empire? land
What happened to the Ottoman Empire at the end of WWI? The empire collapsed and the land was divided between the winning European countries.
How have the borders drawn by European countries caused problems in the former Ottoman Empire? The borders were drawn without considering ethnic groups or historical borders, which has led to conflict.
Why did the British want land in SW Asia? oil
Who created Israel in 1948? Why? The United Nations created Israel as a result of Zionism, the Jewish connection to the land, in reaction to anti-Semitism, and the Holocaust.
How did Palestinians react to the creation of Israel? Who are their allies? The Palestinians were angry, and the other Arab countries in SW Asia allied with them.
What happened right after Israel was created? What was the result? Palestinians and other Arab countries attacked Israel. Israel won and gained more land.
What caused the Persian Gulf War? Iraq invaded Kuwait in order to gain access to the Persian Gulf.
How was the US involved in the Persian Gulf War? The US sided with Kuwait and fought against Iraq.
Why did the US begin Operation Iraqi Freedom? The US saw Iraq as a threat to the US and its interests in the Middle East.
Why did the US invade Afghanistan? The government of Afghanistan supported al Qaeda, which launched the September 11, 2001 attacks.
Who was the leader of al Qaeda when the September 11 attacks occurred? Osama bin Laden
Put the 3 recent wars in SW Asia in order. Persian Gulf War US Invasion of Afghanistan Operation Iraqi Freedom
al Qaeda terrorist organization that launched the September 11, 2001, attacks on the United States
Created by: MsBentley