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ch. 18 endo vocab

ch. 18 endocrine vocab

termmeaning
adrenal cortex outer section of each adrenal gland
adrenal medulla inner section of each adrenal gland
ovaries two endocrine glands in a female's lower abdomen
pancreas endocrine gland behind the stomach
parathyroid glands four small endocrine glands on the posterior side of the thyroid gland
pituitary glands (hypophysis) endocrine land at the base of the brain
testes two endocrine glands enclosed in the scrotal sac of a male
thyroid gland endocrine gland in the neck
adrenaline produced by the adrenal medulla
adrenocorticotropic hormone produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland (adenohypophysis) also called adrenocorticotropin
aldosterone produced by the adrenal cortex
androgen male hormone produced by the testes and to a lesser extent by the adrenal cortex
antidiuretic hormone (ADH) secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland (neurohypophysis)
calcitonin produced by the thyroid gland
cortisol produced by the adrenal cortex
epinephrine produced by the adrenal medulla
estradiol an estrogen produced by the ovaries
estrogen female hormone produced by the ovaries and to a lesser extent by the adrenal cortex
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland (adenohypophysis)
glucagon hormone produced by the alpha islet cells of the pancreas
growth hormone (GH) produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
insulin produced by the beta islet cells of the pancreas
luteinizing hormone (LH) produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
noreponephrine produced by the adrenal medulla and as a sympathomimetic increases heart rate and blood pressure
oxytocin (OT) secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland
parathormone (PTH) produced by the parathyroid glands
progesterone produced by the ovaries
prolactin (PRL) produced by the anterior
somatotropin produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland (adenohypophysis)
testoterone male hormone produced by the testes
thyroxine (T4) produced by the thyroid gland
triiodothyronine (T3) produced by the thyroid gland
vasopressin secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland
catecholamines hormones dervied from an amino acid and secreted by the adrenal medulla
corticosteriods hormones produced by the adrenal cortex
electrolyte mineral salt found in the blood and tissues and necessary for proper functioning of cells
glucocorticoid hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex
gonadocorticoid sex hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex
homeostasis tendency of an organism to maintain a constant internal environment
hormone substance produced by an endocrine gland that travels through the blood to a distant organ or gland where it influences the structure or function of that organ or gland
hypothalamus region of the brain lying below the thalamus and above the pituitary gland
mineralocorticoid steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex to regulate mineral salts and water balance in the body
receptor cellular protein that binds to a hormone so that a response can be elicited
sella turcica cavity in the skull that contains the pituitary gland
steroid complex substance related to fats and of which many hormones are made
sympathomimetic pertaining to mimicking or copying the effect of the sympathetic nervous system
target tissue cells of an organ that are affected by specific hormones
Created by: funnykitty24