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Vocab 17B Vargo

Vocabulary Vargo

QuestionAnswer
In 1604 he was the first Stuart monarch who agreed to rule according to English laws and customs. He clashed with Parliament about divine right, money and foreign policy. He also was involved in religious disputes. James I
In 1625 he inherited the throne of England. He behaved like an absolute monarch. He squeezed the nation of money and had to raise taxes. Before Parliament would agree he must sign the Petition of Right. Charles I
This document in 1628 was the first to limit the power of the Monarch. It prohibited the the king from raising taxes without the consent of Parliament or imprisoning anyone without just cause. Petition of Right
Name given to the supporters of Parliament during the English Civil War. They fought against King Charles I. Their hair was cut close around their heads. Roundheads
He was the leader of the Roundheads. A Puritan member who was a strong general. He defeated the Cavaliers in a series of battles. He was Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Oliver Cromwell
wealthy nobles, proud of their plumed hats and fashionably long hair. They were good warriors especially in dueling. Cavaliers
He was known as the uncrowned King in 1649. He attacked England to fight Cromwell and was defeated. Charles II
Became King on England in 1685. He angered his subjects by suspending laws and appointing Catholics to office. Fled to France in 1688. James II
In 1688 King James II was overthrown by William & Mary. This uprising ended with no bloodshed when James II fled to France. Glorious Revolution
States that no person can be held in prison without being charged with a specific crime. Habeas Corpus
In 1689 this document limited the power to the monarch more. It restated the rights of citizens, such as trial by jury. Abolished excessive fines and cruel or unusual punishment. English Bill of Rights
1688 parliamentary leaders invited James' Protestant daughter Mary & her Dutch Protestant husband William III of Orange to be rulers of England. Signed English Bill of Rights. Willliam and Mary
King of Prussia from 1740-1786 during Hohenzollern Dynasty. Best known for his military campaigning and organization of Prussian armies. Frederick II
Ruled Tsardom of Russia from 1672-1725. He expanded Tsardom into huge empire that became a major European power. He did this through a series of successful wars Peter the Great
Russian empress in 1762 she expanded Russian territories and modernized them just as western Europe was doing the same. She came to power after coup d' etat and the assassination of her husband Peter III Catherine the Great
Created by: hwzone