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Basic Concepts, Ch.1
Flashcards of the vocabulary words from Chapter 1 of The Cultural Landscape
|Ratio of number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture
|Customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that make up a group's distinct tradition; ex. food, language, religion, clothing
|The arrangement of something across Earth's surface
|An arc running north to south on the globe that measures east to west
|Acquisition of data about Earth's surface via satellite or other long distance methods
|Region from which innovative ideas originate; ex. the __________ of Apple products is in California
|Number system that locates parallels; measures distance north or south of the equator
|Specific point distinguished by a distinct characteristic
|Physical character of a place
|Spread of a feature through movement of people from one place to another; for example, the English language spreading to America via migrating English settlers
|System used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a 2-D map
|Time in the zone encompassing the prime meridian, or 0 degrees longitude; also known as Universal Time (UT)
|Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
|An area distinguished by a unique combination of trends/ features; ex. South America is a _____________ because of its similar cuisine, religion, and language.
|Process of spreading of a characteristic or trend from one place to another; ex. relocation, expansion, stimulus, hierarchical
|An east to west line created under the Land Ordinance of 1785 to make surveying and counting towns easier
|Circle around the globe running east to west that measures north to south
|Location of a place in relation to another; ex. The bank is one block away from the supermarket.
|Processes that involve the entire world and result in something being worldwide in scope
|a.k.a. Cultural landscape studies- emphasizes the relationship between social and physical characteristics in a particular area
|Land created by the Dutch by draining water from an area
|Spread of features from one area to another in a snowballing process
|System that determines precise position of something through satellites, tracking devices, and receivers
|Global Positioning System (GPS)
|Rapid, widespread diffusion throughout a population; hint: THE PLAGUE!!!!
|Theory that people have the ability to adjust the environment even though it my set limits
|An active company in many countries other than where the headquarters are located; ex. fast food restaurants, car companies
|Arc that follows 180 degrees longitude, but can deviate to avoid dividing land areas, clock changes by 1 day
|International Date Line (IDL)
|north to south line created during the Land Ordinance of 1785 to make counting townships easier
|Increasing gap in economic conditions between core and peripheral regions due to the globalization of the economy; ex. The gap between the economic status of those in third-world countries and the U.S. is increasing.
|Relationship between the portion of Earth being studied and Earth as a whole; the scope of something; ex. global, national, state, local
|a.k.a. Uniform/homogeneous region- everyone shares one or more unique characteristic
|2-D model of Earth's surface
|Representation based on an individual's knowledge; ex. I just moved to New York; my ________ ________ of the city isn't too good.
|Geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area; ex. Land Ordinance of 1785
|Substance from the environment that is useful to people, economically and technologically feasible to access and socially acceptable to use
|Law that divided U.S. into townships to facilitate sale of land to settlers
|Land Ordinance of 1785
|Position of anything on Earth's surface
|Relationships between people and objects across space
|Changes made to a natural landscape by a cultural group; ex. terracing into mountains
|0 degrees longitude; passes through the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England
|Physical gap between two objects
|a.k.a. nodal region- an area located around a focal point; ex. New York's five boroughs are all connected through transportation and its work force
|Spread of trend from one person/node of authority to other people; ex. A celebrity starts a new trend.
|computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data
|Geographic Information System (GIS)
|a.k.a. perceptual region- area that people believe exist as a part of their cultural identity; ex. The American South
|Reduction in time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place as a result of improved technology and communications
|1 square mile; divided townships into 36 parts
|36 square miles; due to the Land Ordinance of 1785; divided into 36 sections
|Number of people per unit of land suitable for agriculture; hint: number of people, not number of farmers
|Number system that locates meridians; measures distance east or west of the prime meridian
|Science of map making
|Decrease in importance to the disappearance as distance increases from an idea or culture's origin
|Spread of an underlying principle even though a specific characteristic is rejected; ex. Apple's mouse was used by PC even though Apple wasn't popular at the time.
|Name given to a portion of Earth's surface; ex. New York is derived from a York in England, Washington state was named after George Washington, etc.
|19t5h-20th century approach that the environment determined what humans can and can't do
|Frequency of existence in an area
|Density of something over a given area; ex. clustered or dispersed
|Emphasizes human-environment relationships
|Number of people divided by land area