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AP World History

Valhalla High School Bentley AP World Ch. 19

TermDefinitionSignificanceTime PeriodChapterRegion
Age Grades African society also made a place for age groups that included individuals within a given community born within a few years of eachother. Age Grades performed tasks appropriate for their levels of development. Age Grades created social structure for the African soceity. Individuals benefited from fitting in with like age groups but also aided in decision-making, adversities and situations of fellow peers. 1100-1500 19 Sub-Saharan Africa
The Kingdom Of Ghana Ghana was a regional state that was the principal state of West Africa at the time of the Muslims' arrival. Agricultural people sought to protect their societies from the raids of nomads who came out of the Sahara. 1000 to 1500 c.e. 19 Africa
Koumbi-Saleh A town in the Kingdom of Ghana that at its hieght had fifteen to twenty thousand people. The capital and principal trading site and thriving commercial center for the Kingdom of Ghana. 1000 to 1500 c.e. 19 Africa
Sundiata The "lion Prince". Prince of the Mali empire. Built the Mali empire during the first half of the thirteenth century. Reigned from 1230 to 1255 c.e. 19 Africa
Mansa Musa The grand-nephew of Sundiata, and ruler of the Mali empire. Put emphasis on the significance of trade and Islam, ruled during the high point in the Mali empire. Made the pilgramage to Mecca important. reigned from 1312 to 1337 c.e. 19 Africa
The Zanj Revolt Black slaves from the Swahili coast formed a massive revolt that resulted in the capture of Basra. Ali bin Muhammad organized fifteen thousand Zanj slaves for the revolt. The revolt was significant because it showed the world of the strength of large numbers of slaves. The Zanj slaves showed the ultimate strength in numbers fighting against the harsh treatment. 869-883 C.E. 19 Sub-Saharan Africa
Diviners An organized class of relgious specialists-individuals who by virtue of their innate abilities had the power to meditate between humanity and supernatural beings. These Diviners had a high importance in African society and played a large role in daily life. When adversity struck the tribe, the diviners were the first individual consulted, for their wisdom and intelligence was the highest in the clan. 500-1500 C.E. 19 Sub-Saharan Africa
Kingdom of Axum The kingdom of Axum was one of the first places in Africa where Christianity established a strong foothold. Located in the highlands of modern Ethiopia, the Christian kingdom traded exclusivly to the north and benefited from its merchants and religion. The Christian kingdom was different compared to the Islamic empires around at the time, but the kingdom was a strong trading post, and its Christian aspect guarenteed that the port would remain strong for decades in the future. 12th century-16th century 19 Sub-Saharan Africa
African Islam Islam in sub-Saharan Africa made a place for inherited traditions of native African culture. African Islam was vastly different from Islam in the Middle East at the time because the faith in Africa was molded into the current belief sstem. Africans still had ceremonies to protect themselves from witches and he dead. 10th-17th century 19 Sub-Saharan Africa
Sundiata This lion prince was the founder of the Mali Empire. He was significant because he founded a very strong empire and the story of his life is still told today. 1000 CE to 1500 CE 19 Sub-Saharan Africa
Mali Empire This empire was founded by Sundiata and was known for its large amounts of wealth. This empire was significant because it was very wealthy and was also very large. 1235 CE to 1600 CE 19 Sub-Saharan Africa
Bantu Migrations The migration of the Bantu people from central Africa towards the south. These migrations were significant because they brought their own language and culture to a new land. 3000 BCE to 1000 CE 19 Central Africa
Madagascar An island off the coast of Africa where bananas were cultivated. It was significant because it was the first place that bananas were cultivated. 1000 CE to 1500 CE 19 Indian Ocean. East of Africa
Kin-Based Societies These societies had little or no government. They were ruled by their families. These societies had significance because they were the first to govern their own family. 1000 CE to 1500 CE 19 Sub-Saharan Africa
Chiefdoms These rulers took power and thought they were above the law and that they ruled everyone. They were significant because they were the reason for all of the fighting in Africa. 1000 CE to 1500 CE 19 Sub-Saharan Africa
Congo River Basin This area by the Congo River was home to many large and small kingdoms. This area was significant because it was home to many prosperous kingdoms. 1000 CE to 1500 CE 19 Sub-Saharan Africa
Central Government of Kongo There was a king and a queen who saw over the military, finances and judicial affairs. The government was signficant because now the king and queen had all of the power. 1000 CE to 1500 CE 19 Sub-Saharan Africa
Islam This religion was founded in the Middle East by Muhammad and spread all the way to Africa. It was significant because it spread new ideas throughout the world. 632 CE to Present Day 19 Middle East to Africa
Sahara Desert The desert seperated North and South Africa. It was significant because it divided Africa and was so dangerous to cross. 1000 CE to 1500 CE 19 Central Africa
Created by: lucky7000