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Chapter 1 Vocab 4

Human Geography People, Place and Culture 2013-2014 at Santa Fe High Mr. Hendry

TermDefinition
geographic information systems (GIS) goegraphers use this advancement in computer technology and data storage to compare a variety of spatial data by combining layers of spatial data in a computerized environment, creating maps in which patterns processes are superimposed.
formal region a physical criteria of an area and can also be defined by cultural traits (the people share one or more cultura traits-- food, belief systems, dress, dances, hair styles, languages etc.)
functional region the product of interactions of movement of various kinds. (e.g. a city, has a surrounding region within which workers commute, either to the downtown area to subsidiary centers such as office parks and shopping malls-- that entire urban area.)
perceptual regions intellectual constructs designed to help us understand the nature and distribution of phenomena in human geography. (Zelinsky's article "North America's Vernacular Regions")
culture refers to the music, literature, an the arts of a society, and all other features of its way of life: dress, routine living habits, food, architecture, education, government, law, even agricultural practices. (closely associated with Anthropology.)
cultural trait a signle attribute or characteristic of a culture. (e.g. wearing a turban)
culture complex more than one culture may exhibit a culture trait, but each will consist of a discrete combination of traits.. (e.g. herding cattler-- but it's used in diferent ways by different cultures. Maasai, E. Africa)
cultural hearth an area where cultural traits develop (originate) and from which the cultural traits diffuse
independent invention the tern for a trait with many hearths that developed independent of each other
culture diffusion process where something spreads-- an idea or innovation from its hearth (source) to other places. (Carl Sauer- Agricultural Origins and Dispersals; Haegerstand, 1970 brought in time and distance to the equation.)
time-distance decay both and time and distance can cause something not to be adopted the longer it takes to reach its potential adopters. The farther a place is from the hearth or longer the idea takes to get there, the less likely it will be adopted.
Created by: linxiting