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Chapter 1 APHumanGeo

Chapter 1 vocabulary for APHG.

TermDefinition
Distribution The arrangement of something across Earth's surface.
Cultural Landscape The fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group
Culture The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group's distinct tradition.
Density The frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area.
Diffusion The process of spread of a feature or trend from one place to another over time.
Distance Decay The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin.
Hearth The region from which innovative ideas originate.
Hierarchical Diffusion The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other people or places.
Space-time Compression The reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place as a result of improved communications and transportation systems.
Region An area distinguished by a unique combination of trends or features.
Possibilism The theory that physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
Latitude The numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator.
Contagious Diffusion The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
Vernacular Region (perceptual region) An area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity.
Map A two dimensional, or flat representation of Earth's surface or a portion of it.
Toponym The name given to a portion of earth's surface.
Polder Land created by the Dutch by draining water from an area.
Place A specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular characteristic.
Pattern The geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area.
Climate The long term average weather condition at a particular location.
Concentration The spread of something over a given area.
Location The position of anything on Earth's surface.
Cultural Ecology A geographic approach that emphasizes human-environment relationships.
Map Scale The relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on Earth's surface.
Biosphere All living organisms on Earth, including plants and animals, as well as microorganisms.
Cartography The science of map making.
Situation The location of a place relative to another place.
Site The physical character of a place.
Remote Sensing The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or from other long-distance methods.
G I S A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data.
Functional (nodel) Region An area organized around a node or focal point.
Formal (Uniform) Region An area in which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics.
Expansion Diffusion The spread of a feature of trend among people from one area to another in an additive process.
Parallel A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians.
Environmental Determinism A nineteenth & twentieth century approach to the study of which argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences. Geography was therefore the study of how the physicalenvironment caused by human activities.
Ecology The scientific study of ecosystems.
Projection A system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a flat map.
Longitude The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a globe and measuring distance east and west of the prime meridian. (0*)
Mental Map A representation of a portion of Earth's surface based on what an individual knows about a place, containing personal impressions of what is in the place and where the place is located.
Meridian An arc drawn on a map between the North and South poles.
Prime Meridian The meridian, designated as 0* longitude, that passed through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England.
GPS A system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers.
Globalization Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.
G M T The time in the zone encompassing the prime meridian, or 0* longitude.
Stimulus Diffusion The spread of an underlying principle even though a specific characteristic is rejected.
Relocation Diffusion The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
International Date Line An arc that for the most part follows 180* longitude, although it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas.
Transnational Corporation A company that conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries, not just where its headquarters or shareholders are located.
Sustainability The use of Earth's renewable and nonrenewable natural resources in ways that do not constrain resource use in the future.
Created by: rgriffo