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M6 13-005

Exam 18: Ethics in Nursing

Ethics Values and beliefs that influence ones behavior. Are what "should" or "ought" to be done. Protects the rights of human beings. Provides standards for nursing activities.
Values Personal beliefs about the worth , truth or desirability of an idea, object or behavior. Evolves from personal experience. Change over a person's lifetime.
Ethical Knowledge of rightness and wrongness of human conduct based on personal beliefs and values
Society influences decisions based on changes in customs or behaviors or they may be written as laws (examples) Right to vote. Rights of the disabled. Women’s rights.
Rights Absolute privileges that people have and should expect because they are human. Legal view. Personal view.
Respect for persons A strong belief in the right of people to be treated and respected as human beings must be the foundation of your relationships and interactions with your patients, fellow nurses and members of the health care team
Autonomy Freedom of choice- the right to be independent and make decisions freely. The nurse can assist in the decision process, but does not have the authority to make decisions for the patient
Beneficence Doing good or what is right for the patient
Non-maleficence Nurses have the obligation to do good and not harm anyone and make a commitment to provide the same high quality and level of nursing service to all human beings
Code of Ethics is defined as a list of rules of good conduct for members of a particular group
The National Federation of Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurses (NFLPN) has developed a code for the LPN/LVN. The code specifies the nurse must Know and function within the scope of practice. Maintain patient confidences. Provide care without discrimination. Maintain a high degree of personal and professional behavior. Take an active role in the development of the profession.
Types of Ethical Problems Faced by Nurses Conflict between professional role and personal values. Conflict between the nurse and the medical treatment facility (MTF). Conflict between nurse and patient/family. Conflict between the nurse and their peers. Conflicting responsibilities.
Conflict between professional role and personal values: Example Caring for a patient who contracted HIV through high-risk behavior
Conflict between the nurse and the medical treatment facility (MTF): Example Catholic nurse working in Planned Parenthood
Conflict between nurse and patient/family: Example Ethnic, cultural or religious conflicts
Conflict between the nurse and their peers: Example Can be healthy or unhealthy depending on how confrontation is handled
Conflicting responsibilities: Example Practitioner-assisted suicide
Created by: jtzuetrong