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M6 13-005

Exam 18: Personality Disorders

Definition of Personality The relatively consistent set of attitudes and behaviors particular to an individual. It consists of a pattern of mental, emotional and behavioral traits of a person.
Definition of Personality Disorder Inflexible, maladaptive patterns of behavior or thinking that accompany significant impairment of functioning.
Possible to exhibit a range of behaviors depends on type of disorder present
Common characteristics of personality disorder (1) poor impulse control (i.e. drinking, overeating, substance abuse, assaultive behavior). Self destructive acts. Manipulation of others or dependancy of others. Inappropriate behavior for situation. Disregard for rules.
Types of Personality Disorders Abusive. Dependent. Paranoid. Borderline. Antisocial.
Personality Disorders: Abusive An individual who uses violent or abusive behavior to cope with anxiety
Personality Disorders: Dependant An individual who is overcooperative from a deep fear of abandonment
Dependent Traits Unable to carry out a task alone. Unable to take responsibility of his/her own activities of daily lining (ADLs). Usually seeks overprotective, dominating or abusive relationships.
Personality Disorders: Paranoid characterized by suspicion, secretiveness, distortion of reality and oversensitivity; thinks that others are “out to get him/her”
Personality Disorders: Borderline has not established self-identity
Borderline Traits Fears being alone. Experiences mood swings over a short period. Relationships with others reveal rapid shifts from adoring to cruel and punishing. Impulsive.
Personality Disorders: Antisocial has a history of difficulties with personal relationships
Antisocial Traits Does not profit from experience or punishment. Has no loyalties to any person, group, or code of ethics. Has a tendency to rationalize behavior. Relies on deceit and manipulation to get his/her way.
Personality Disorders: Treatment and Prognosis (1) Psychotherapeutic drug therapy. (2) Support groups. (3) Family counseling. (4) Prognosis is guarded; antisocial personality disorder is the more socially malignant of the disorders and appears to have the most severe consequences.
Created by: jtzuetrong