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M6 13-005

Exam 17: Cancer Block Questions and Good to know stuff

Cancer is one disease that is characterized by uncontrolled and unregulated growth of abnormal cells. T or F? False (p. 2014)
Hereditary cancers are diagnosed usually 15-20 years later than cancers not inherited. T or F? False (p. 2017)
________ occurs in increased frequency among siblings. Neuroblastoma (p. 2017)
In this type of cancer these S/S should be reported: abnormal uterine bleeding, abnormal vaginal discharge, and pain during intercourse. Cervical Cancer (p. 2019)
There is a greater incidence of ____ cancer among people who live in urban areas. Bladder Cancer (p. 2017)
If you are older than 20, a skin examination should be performed ______. Every 3 years (p. 2018)
______ many progress and destroy surrounding tumor. Malignant neoplasms (p. 2021)
Hair will not return throughout the course of chemotherapy. T of F? False (p. 2032)
Visitors to patients receiving internal radiation should limit visit to ____ when with the patient. 10 minutes (p. 2027)
This is given to cancer patients experiencing TLS to promote the excretion of phosphate and uric acid. Diuretics (p. 2035)
This must not be washed away during the course of external radiation Markings (p. 2026)
The four common non-neoplastic growth patterns are Hypertrophy Hyperplasia Metaplasia Dysplasia (p. 2021)
When a cell becomes malignant it carries this on its membranes. Tumor-specific antigen (p. 2021)
____ is administered IV or orally, so that it is distributed throughout the patient's body. Unsealed internal radiation (p. 2027)
T-cells are responsible for this: Immunosurveillance (p. 2021)
The American Cancer Society indicates that in the US men have a ___ in ___ lifetime risk of developing cancer; for women, the risk is ___ in ___. 1 in 2; 1 in 3 (p. 2014)
This condition puts a cancer patient at risk for renal failure and alterations in cardiac function. Tumor Lysis Syndrome(p. 2035)
Carcinomas originate from embryonic mesoderm, such as muscle and bone. T of F? False (p. 2022)
This classifies the extent and spread of disease Staging (p. 2022)
____ may be needed to improve body functions and appearance after types of surgery. Reproductive Surgery (p 2025)
____ are among the most uncomfortable and distressing side effect of chemo. Nausea and vomiting (p. 2033)
The nurse should always wear a Dosimeter _____ while in the room with someone with internal radiation; log exposure you recieve at each visit. Wear a dosimeter (p 2028)
____ are being used in the adjuvant setting in some solid tumor cancers, such as high-risk breast cancers. Stem Cell transplant (p. 2036)
For the ambulatory patient, ___ may interfere with the ability to continue daily work. Nausea (p. 2033)
____ is a cancer antigen detected in the blood and peritoneal ascites. CA-125 (p. 2024)
The nurse should follow the principles of ____ and ____ when caring for the patient with a radiation implant. Time limits and safe distance (p. 2027)
In this stage, cancer is limited to tissue of origin; it is localized ____. Stage 1 (p. 2022)
____ is one of the most common complications of chemotherapy. Stomatitis (p. 2031)
___ is a risk factor for breast, prostate, gallbladder, ovarian, and uterine cancers. Obesity (p. 2016)
This is an oncologic emergency. Tumor Lysis Syndrome (p. 2035)
This is used when stomatiis becomes intolerable to the patient. Viscous Lidocane (p. 2032)
This can be kept for 3 or more years. Marrow (p. 2036)
Besides the sun and tanning beds this is also a known carcinogenic in the development of skin cancers. Radiation used in medical diagnosing (p. 2017)
Cation-exchange resins, such as ____, are used to bind with potassium so it can be excreted through the bowel. Kayexalate (p. 2035)
The type of treatment for cancer should be based on the older person's ____ and ____. Wishes and state of health (p. 2025)
If the patient has an external marker for radiation, the site should be protected. Instruct the patient not to use ____, ____, or ____. Ointments, lotions, or powders (p. 2026)
Successful treatment of TLS depends on preventing _____. Renal failure (p. 2036)
___ biopsy is the removal of a portion of tissue for examination, such as a bite biopsy performed during endoscopy. Incisional (p. 2023)
This procedure is based on the fact that peripheral or circulating stem cells are capable of repopulating the bone marrow. PEripheral stem cell transplant (p. 2036)
____ is the term for the various factors that are possible origins of cancer. Carcinogensis (p. 2016)
This is referred to as the "fifth vital sign" Pain
Plan to balance activities and rest when the patient has this condition to prevent increased oxygen demand. Anemia (p. 2032)
A profound state of ill health, and malnutrition, marked by weakness and emaciation. Cachexia (p. 2037)
Many early S&S of cancer may be misdiagnoses as normal changes of aging. That is why the nurse must stress the importance of this. Routine medical screening and self-examination (p. 2015)
Most patients with advanced cancer know that they are dying. ____ are your best approaches when dealing with them. Honest and openness (p. 2039)
Except in emergencies, urine ___ are not allowed after the patient has been dosed with I131. It is radioactive. Urine collection and blood draws (p. 2028)
Brachytherapy, also known as this, is inserted temporarily or permanently into body cavities to destroy tumor cells. Radioactive implant (p. 2027)
A secondary site is the ____ site. This is the region the cancer spread to via blood stream or lymph system. Metastatic site.
Benign tumors ___ ___ spread to other tissues or organs. DO NOT
_____ are malignant tumors of connective tissues. Sarcomas.
Cancer is a group of diseases, not one individual disease. T or F? True.
The most common cause of cancer in both men and women is ____ ____. Skin cancer.
____ cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death in men and women. *be aware of leading causes of death for men and women, and both. Lung cancer
Exposure to ___, ____, ____, ____, and ____ are major causes of cancer. Sunlight, salt-cured foods, high-fat/low-fiber, smokeless tobacco and alcohol
_____ is when normal cells become cancerous. Carcinogenesis
The higher the stage, the ____ the cancer. worse
Alopecia pertains to hair
Paronychia pertains to nails
_____ ____ means making lifestyle changes that will help you avoid cance in the first place. Primary prevention
ABCDs of a melanoma. A=Asymmetry. B=Borders. C=Color. D=Diameter.
_____ _____ is a big contributor to liver cancer. Chronic Hepatits
Sometimes, the only way to cure an organ tumor is to _________. Remove the whole thing.
_____ are future tumors. Polyps.
Beginning at age 50, what tests are done? Yearly fecal blood test. Colonoscopy 10 years. Flxible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years. Contrast barium enema every 5 years.
Seven danger signs according to the American Cancer Society: Changes in bowel and bladder habits. A sore that does not heal. Unusual bleeding or discharge. Thickening or lump in breast or elsewhere. Indigestion of difficulty swallowing. Obvious change in warts or moles. Nagging cough or hoarseness.
____, ____, ____, ____, and ____ ____ ___ have high death rates due to their insidious onset. Lung, Stomach, Duodenum, Pancreas and common bile duct.
_____ is often times done before surgery. Radiation.
Once a lump is discovered, one must see their MD _____. A ____ is the definitive diagnostic tool. Immediately, biopsy.
Spend the least amount of time as possible with a patient with a radioactive patient
Chemo _____ stem cells so a bone marrow transplant is needed. destroys
_____ is not a cure, it just relieves symptoms. Palliative
Goal of hospice is to encourage patient to live life to the fullest
Created by: jtzuetrong



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