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M6 13-005

Exam 17: Cancer Prevention and Risks

What is the single most important lifestyle change needed to help prevent cancer? Smoking
What percentage of lung cancer patients are smokers? 90%
What types of cancers does smoking increase the risk of? Bladder, kidney, mouth, pharynx, larynx, esophagus, pancreas, uterus, and cervix.
Smokeless tobacco increases the risk of what types of cancers? Cancer of the mouth, larynx., pharynx, and esophagus.
A diet high in ____ and low in ____ can reduce risk of of colorectal and other cancers. fiber and fat
To help prevent cancer, the National Cancer Institute recommends how many servings of fruits and vegetables daily? 5
Obesity is a risk factor for what types of cancers? Breasts, prostate, gallbladder, ovarian, and uterine cancers.
Sunlight or tanning booth exposure, especially for the fair-skinned easily-sunburned person, increases risk for what? Skin cancer
Heavy, frequent use of alcohol consumption may contribute to what types of cancer? Oral, laryngeal, throat, esophageal and liver cancer.
The American Cancer Society recommends that all men and women get a cancer-related checkup every ____ years. And from what ages? And how often afterwards? 3. 20-40. Once per year.
At age 50, both men and women should undergo which screening tests? Yearly fecal occult (hidden) blood test with flexible sigmoidoscopy q 5 years. Double contrast barium enema (q 5 years). Colonoscopy (q 10 years). CT Colonography
Females should undergo which types of exams? Yearly pelvic exam with "Pap" smear beginning at age 18 or when sexually active. Monthly breast exams. Mammograms q 2 years after age 50.
Males should undergo which types of screening exams? Monthly TSE after puberty. Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) blood test and digital rectal exam starting at age 50 (45 in african American).
What are the 7 warning signs of cancer? Changes in bowel or bladder habits. Non-healing sore throat. Unusual bleeding or discharge. Thickening lump in breast elsewhere. Indigestion or difficulty swallowing. Obvious change in warts or moles. Nagging cough or hoarseness.
Created by: jtzuetrong



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