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Unit 1-3 Terms

Themes and concepts of geography

The study of spatial distribution in order to determine causes and consequences spatial analysis
the spatial pattern created by the location of any particular phenomenon spatial distribution
the reduced variety among places caused by greater connectedness, globalization of commerce, and the spread of popular culture placelessness
Regions based on objective, observable criteria formal region
A central point from which functions/activities are coordinated. node
A spatial pattern in which an attribute is strongest near the center and weakens as you go away from the center core-periphery
An area that has been organized to function politically, socially, or economically as one unit functional region
another name for a functional region nodal region
a region defined by people's feelings and opinions rather than objective data perceptual region
another name for perceptual regions vernacular region
A pizza delivery area is this type of region functional region
The space between two places distance
The ease of reaching one area from another accessibility
The quality of transportation and communication linkages between places. connectivity
The total way of life shared by a group of people. culture
One particular aspect of a culture trait
The spread of ideas, innovations, and other cultural traits. diffusion
Diffusion that involves the movement of people who bring cultural traits with them to a new place. relocation diffusion
Diffusion in which a trait spreads in a wave-like pattern outward from its origin. contagious diffusion
Diffusion in which a trait moves from one location to another without necessarily spreading to places between. hierarchical diffusion
Reconstituted dried fish that is popular in parts of Minnesota and Wisconsin. Lutefisk
Diffusion in which the underlying idea of a trait is adopted but not the trait itself. stimulus diffusion
A barrier that slows or weakens diffusion. permeable barrier
A barrier that completely stops diffusion. absorbing barrier
Term used to describe the increasing linkages among places on Earth globalization
The belief that the physical environment is the dominant force in shaping culture. environmental determinism
The idea that any environment offers a number of choices for a culture and that cultural heritage guides these choices. possiblism
A view of humans as a part of nature. organic
A view of humans separate from and having dominion over nature. mechanistic
Term for the decrease in interaction among places as distance and/or the time it takes to travel that distance is increased time-distance decay
term used to describe the impact of modern communications and transportation technology on cultural diffusion and interaction time-space compression
Country in which the government's actions exemplify the concept of absorbing barriers. North Korea
Islamic dietary restrictions prevent people from this country from eating pork, even though they eat a lot of other types of meat. Kuwait
Created by: rowej78