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PE Ch 5

Phlebotomy Essentials Ch 5

QuestionAnswer
acidosis condition that results from a decrease in the pH of body fluids
alkalosis condition that results from an increase in the pH of body fluids
alveoli air sacs in the lungs where exchange of gases takes place
anabolism conversion of simple compounds into complex substances
anatomical position standing erect with arms at the side and eyes and palms facing forward
anatomy study of the structural compostition of living things
anterior referring to the front
avascular without blood or lymph vessels
axons nerve fibers that conduct impulses away from the nerve cell body
body cavities hollow body spaces that house body organs
body plane flat surface of a real or imaginary cut through the body
bursae small synovial fluid-filled sacs found near joints
cartilage type of hard, nonvascular connective tissue
catabolism breakdown of complex substances into simple ones
diaphragm muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities
distal farthest from the point of attachment
dorsal means "at the back of the body or body part"
endocrine glands glands that secrete substances directly into the blood stream
exocrine glands glands that secrete substances through ducts
frontal plane real or imaginary cut that divides the body vertically into front and back portions
gametes sex cells
hemopoiesis production of blood cells
homeostasis balanced or steady state
hormones chemical substances that affect many body processes
meninges connective tissue that encloses the brain and spinal chord
metabolism sum of all physical and chemical reactions that sustain life
mitosis process by which cells divide
nephron functional unit of the kidney
neuron fundamental unit of the nervous system
phalanges finger bones
physiology study of the function of living things
pituitary gland gland secreting hormones that control other glands
prone/pronation lying face down and the act of turning face down
proximal nearest to the point of origin
sagittal plane divides the body vertically into right and left portions
supine/supination lying face up and the act of turning face up
surfactant substance that coats the alveoli
synovial fluid hollow spaces in the front of the body
transverse plane divides the body horizantally into upper and lower portions
ventral cavities hollow spaces in the front of the body
plantar concerning the sole of the foot
palmar concerning the palm of the hand
metabolism sum of all the physical and chemical reactions necessary to sustain life
Integument largest organ of the body (skin)
autonomic involuntary (cardiac muscle, smooth muscle and glands)
somatic voluntary (skeletal muscle)
motor nerves carry impulses from the CNS to organs, glands and muscles
sensory nerves carry impulses to the CNS from sensory receptors in various parts of the body
capillaries most gas exchange between blood and tissue takes place
Created by: rslagter