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PE Ch 9

Phlebotomy Essentials Ch 9

QuestionAnswer
A-line Catheter placed in an artery, most commonly the radial
AV shunt/fistula/graft surgical joining of an artery and vein
basal state resting metabolic state of the body early in the morning after a 12 hour fast
bilirubin product of the breakdown of RBCs
CVAD Central vascular access device or indwelling line
CVC central venous catheter or central venous line
diurnal/circadian happening daily or having a 24 hour cycle
edema abnormal accumulation of fluid in the tissues
exsanguination blood loss to the point where life cannot be sustained
hematoma swelling or mass of blood caused by blood leaking from a blood vessel
hemoconcentration decrease in blood fluid with an increse in nonfilterable components
hemolysis destruction of RBCs and release of hemoglobin into the serum or plasma
hemolyzed term used to describe a specimen affected by hemolysis
heparin/saline lock catheter with a stopcock or cap for delivering medication or drawing blood
iatrogenic term used to describe an adverse condition due to the effects of treatment (ie. anemia due to blood draw)
icteric term used to describe a speciemnt marked by jaundice
IV withing or pertaining to the inside of a vein
jaundice icterus,a condition characterized by increased bilirubin
lipemia condition of increased lipid content in the blood
lipemic term used to describe serum or plasma that has a milky look
lymphostasis stoppage or obstruction of normal lymph flow
mastectomy breast removal
petechiae tiny, nonraised red spots appearing on the patient's skin
PICC peripherally inserted central catheter
preanalytical prior to analysis
pre-examination word that means the same as preanalytical
reference ranges normal lab test values for healthy individuals
reflux backflow of blood into the vein during venipuncture
sclerosed hard, cord-like, and lacking resilience
syncope fainting
thrombosed clotteed or denoting a vessel containing a clot
vasovagal relating to the action of a particular nerve on blood vessels
venous stasis stagnation or stoppage of the normal blood flow
crying can increase levels of ________ WBC Count
__________ decreases with age Creatinine clearance
dehydration increases ______________ levels coagulation factors
elevated levels of ________ are related to jaundice bilirubin
fatty foods increase _______ levels lipids
fever causes ________ levels to increase insulin
_________ increases with altitude RBC count
__________ levels usually peak around 8:00am cortisol
pancreatitis from steroid use increases ___________ levels amylase
______ requires documenttion of patient's position during collection plasma renin
smoking decreases _________ levels IGA
__________ stays elevated for 24 hours or more after exercise CK
Dehydration causes hemoconcentration
Lipemia can be present for up to ________ hours after eating 12
yellow appearance of the skin, mucous membranes and eyes jaundice
vasovagal syncope sudden faintness or loss of conciousness due to a nervous system response to abrupt pain, stress or trauma
After a syncope episode, the patient has to be monitored for at least ___________ 15 min
ETS tubes should be filled until _______________ normal amount of vacuum is exhausted
Created by: rslagter