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MA Med Terminology

Medical Terminology: word roots, prefixes, suffixes

-algia pain, painful condition
dys- bad, difficult, or painful
-ectomy surgical removal, cutting into
hyper- excessive, increased
hypo- deficient, decreased
-itis inflammation
-osis abnormal condition
-ostomy the surgical creation of an artificial opening to body surface
-otomy cutting, surgical incision
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhage bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge
-rrhapy surgical suturing
-rrhea flow or discharge
-rrhexis rupture
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
cyan/o blue
erythr/o red
leuk/o white
melan/o black
poli/o gray
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-an pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-ical pertaining to
-ial pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
-ine pertaining to
-ior pertaining to
-ory pertaining to
-ous pertaining to
-tic pertaining to
-ago abnormal condition
-esis abnormal condition
-ia abnormal condition
-iasis abnormal condition
-ion abnormal condition
-ism abnormal condition
ab- away from
ad- toward, to, in the direction of
dextr/o right side
sinistr/o left side
ex- out of, outside, away from
in- in, into, not, without
macro- large, abnormal size, or long
micr/o, micro- small
mega-, megal/o large, great
olig/o scanty, few
pre- before
post- after, behind
eu- good, normal, well or easy
inter- between, among
intra- within, inside
sub- under, less, below
super-, supra- above, excessive
myc/o fungus
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
my/o muscle
-ologist specialist
-ology the study of
pyel/o renal pelvis
py/o pus
pyr/o fever, fire
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
cardi/o heart
nat/o birth
neur/o nerve
rhin/o nose
aden/o gland
adip/o fat
anter/o before, front
caud/o lower part of body, tail
cephal/o head
cyt/o, -cyte cell
hist/o, histi/o tissue
path/o, -pathy disease, suffering, feeling, emotion
plas/i, plas/o, -plasia development, growth, formation
poster/o behind, toward the back
anatomy the study of the structures of the body
physiology the study of the functions of the structures of the body
LLQ left lower quadrant
LUQ left upper quadrant
RLQ right lower quadrant
RUQ right upper quadrant
hem/o blood
oste/o bone
peri- surrounding
nephr/o kidney
hemat/o blood
hepat/o liver
fasci/o cover, support and separate muscles, fascia
ten/o tendon
tend/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
tax/o coordination, order
ton/o tone, stretching, tension
tri- three
-cele hernia, swelling
kines/o movement
kinesi/o movement
angi/o blood vessel
vas/o blood vessel
arteri/o arteries
capill/o capillaries
phleb/o veins
ven/o veins
thromb/o clot
aort/o aorta
-crasia mixture, blending
phag/o eat, swallow
tox/o poison
nas/o nose
pleur/o pleura, side of body
somn/o sleep
spir/o breathe
phon/o sound, voice
cholecyst/o gallbladder
pancreat/o pancreas
an/o anus
proct/o anus, rectum
rect/o rectum
gastr/o stomach
or/o mouth
stomat/o mouth
-lithiasis presence of stones
cholang/o bile duct