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flexion increase joint movement, bending
extension straightening out
abduction away from midline
adduction towards midline
lateral flexion bend a joint or body part to the side
rotation left or right
lateral rotation away from midline
medial rotation towards midline
dorsiflexion superior surface of foot....lifting foot up
plantarflexion sole of foot.....planting foot on floor
inversion foot inwards
eversion foot outwards
supine belly up
prone face down
study of movement kinesiology
compensation defense mechanism that allows one to avoid the unpleasant or painful stimuli
why do patients compensate to avoid pain
balance ability to control equilibrium
equilibrium at 0 acceleration, state of perfect balance, no wobbling or falling over
what structures assist with our sense of equilibrium and balance eyes and ears joint kinesioreceptors muscles and tendon receptors
factor assist in balance center of gravity falls with the base
factor assist in balance size of the base
factor assist in balance proportion to the weight
factor assist in balance height of the center of gravity
factor assist in balance ears, eyes and kinesthetic sense
center of gravity falls out of the base imbalance
a wider stance or base for a heavier person balance
standing on tip toes imbalance
an inner ear infection with fluid accumulation imbalance
being on a rocky boat imbalance
a pregnant woman balance
what are the 2 areas in the body that are center of gravity c1 and skull sacral lumbar
muscle contraction muscle fibers shorten
muscle relaxation muscle returns to original state
isometric muscle contraction no movement occurs
isotonic muscle contraction movement occurs
what are two types of isotonic contraction walking and exercise
concentric contraction muscle shortens and moves against resistance
eccentric contraction muscle lengthens and works against resistance
synergist muscle that performs, or helps perform
the two primary dysfunctions are neuromuscular and mechanical dysfunctions
agonist muscle muscle contracting
antagonist elongated- opposite of mover
H.O.P.S. history, observation. palpation, special test
what are the 3 reasons for taking a history before giving a massage or providing treatment R/O contraindications choose modalities that are safe provide referral
genu varum bow legs
genu valgus knock knees
genu recurvatum knees in severe extension
hallux valgus great toe is bent or twisted outward
hallux varum bunion
three factors that influence a client posture genetics, disease, life style
palpation means to feel
four T's temp, tone, texture, and tenderness
what is manual resistive testing confirm and elaborate unfindings from the active and passive
what tissue doe MR asses inert tissues
what factor may affect the clients ROM test willingness to move muscle strength coordination range of motion
apley scratch test mobility of the shoulder joint; adhesive capsulitis
phalens test carpal tunnel syndrome
cervical distraction peripheral nerve impingement
straight leg test nerve root impingement of the lumbar region
a characteristic of muscle tissue is the ability of the muscle to recover from strenuous exercise and vigorous massage. What time frame is given for a muscle to recover 5 days
MTS should take of note of gait....examples what moves to much.... whats not moving enough
the stance phase of gait consists of the foot patterns
a stance phase begins with a heal strike
the swing phase of gait consist of the arm movement
when a client describes an inability to perform normal activities of daily living, inability to function at home or work you are now assessing their functional assessment
normal adult walking consists of head leads, arms move, flexion & extension of hip joints, etc
the postural muscles are primarily flexors & extensors
three factors that influence a clients posture are lifestyle, disease, genetics
what tissue does AROM assess contractile tissue and muscle tendon unit
what tissue does PROM assess inert tissue (joint, cartilage, soft tissue)
what function of muscle does MR test strength
what factors may affect the client ROM test willingness to move / muscle strength / cordination / ROM
ROM is measured in degress
the degree chart is a full circle 360
half of a degree circle is 180
one quarter of a degree circle is 90
a manual resistive test will produce findings of discomfort and lack of strength
Created by: marlenasokana