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Medical Terminology

nephr/o kidney
phag/o to eat, swallow
log/o study of
morph/o shape, form
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
mast/o breast
hepat/o liver
iatr/o treatment, physician
lapar/o abdomen, abdominal wall
my/o muscle
isch/o to hold back
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
chrom/o color
crani/o skull
coccyg/o coccyx (tail bone)
cyst/o urinary bladder a sac or a cyst (sac containing fluid)
cervic/o neck (of the body or of the uterus)
angi/o vessel
arthr/o joint
adip/o fat
bi/o life
blephar/o eyelid
chron/o time
acu/o sharp, severe, sudden
col/o colon (large intestine)
arteri/o artery
cyt/o cell
cardi/o heart
axill/o armpit
abdomin/o abdomen
aden/o gland
anter/o front
bronch/o bronchial tubes (two tubes, one right and one left, that branch from the trachea to enter the lungs)
chem/o drug, chemical
adip/o fat
amin/o aminion (sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus)
carcin/o cancerous, cancer
ophthalm/o eye
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
path/o disease
ped/o child
radi/o x-rays
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
sacr/o sacrum
staphyl/o clusters
strept/o twisted chains
psych/o mind
poster/o back, behind
pelv/i pelvis, hip region
pneumon/o lungs
pleur/o pleura (membrane surrounding lungs and adjacent to the chest)
pulmon/o lungs
proxim/o nearest
rect/o rectum
spin/o spine, backbone
splen/o spleen
trache/o trachea, windpipe
tonsill/o tonsils
umbilic/o navel, umbilicus
vertebr/o vertebra(e), backbone(s)
enter/o intestines (usually the small intestine)
eryth/o red
gnos/o knowledge
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
hist/o tissue
inguin/o groin
kary/o nucleus
leuk/o white
lymph/o lymph (a clear fluid that bathes tissue spaces, is contained in special lymph vessels and nodes throughout the body)
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
lumb/o lower back (side and back between the ribs and the pelvis)
later/o side
medi/o middle
mamm/o breast
necr/o death (of cells or whole body)
gynec/o woman, female
neutr/o neutrophil (a white blood cell)
ili/o ilium (part of pelvic bone)
encephal/o brain
onc/o tumor
thromb/o clot, clotting
plas/o formation, development
viscer/o internal organs
sect/o to cut
peritone/o peritoneum
ventr/o belly side of the body
muc/o mucus
nucle/o nucleus
acr/o extremities, top, extreme point
bol/o to cast (throw)
chondr/o cartilage
cis/o to cut
cephal/o head
crin/o to secrete (to form and give off)
dist/o far, distant
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
dors/o back portion of the body
electr/o electricity
gastr/o stomach
glyc/o sugar
hydr/o water, fluid
thel/o nipple
thorac/o chest
phleb/o vein
ven/o vein
ur/o urinary tract, urine
neur/o nerve
sarc/o flesh
-cyte cell
-ary pertaining to
-ion process
-ior pertaining to
-penia deficiency
-opsy process of viewing
-ptosis falling, dropping, prolapse
-ac pertaining to
-ose pertaining to, full of
-cele hernia
-eal pertaining to
-iac pertaining to
-genic pertaining to, producing, produced by, produced in
-ia condition
-ism process, condition
-al pertaining to
-scopy process of visually examining with an endoscope
-sclerosis hardening
-scope instrument to visually examine
-malacia softening
-logy process of study
-oma tumor, mass, swelling
-ist specialist
-itis inflammation
-phobia fear
-stomy opening to form a mouth (stoma)
-ectomy excision, removal
-emia blood condition
-ic pertaining to
-ical pertaining to
-ole little, small
-ule little, small
-um structure, tissue
-ium structure, tissue
-therapy treatment
-ar pertaining to
-er one, who
-globin protein
-dynia pain
-algia pain
-sis state of, condition
-stasis stopping, controlling
-tomy process of cutting, incision
-us structure, substance
-oid resembling
-trophy development, nourishment
-somes bodies
-tic pertaining to
-coccus berry-shaped bacterium
-graph instrument for recording
-genesis condition of producing, forming
-osis condition, usually abnormal (slight increase in numbers when used with blood cells)
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-gram record
-lysis breakdown, destruction, separation
-y process, condition
-pathy disease condition
-megaly enlargement
-type picture, classification
-plasia development, formation, growth
-plasm formation
-plasty surgical repair
-graphy process of recording
peri- surrounding, around
pro- before, forward
meta- change
auto- self, own
retro- behind
dia- through, complete
endo- within
hypo- deficient, below, under less than normal
ex- out, outside of, outward
ana- up
hyper- excessive, above, more than normal
re- back, backward, again
trans- across, through
cata- down
sub- below, under
end- within
a- no, not, without
inter- between
epi- above, upon
aut- self, own
an- no, not, without
in- into, in, not
exo- out, outside of outward
carp/o wrist bones
cib/o meals
cost/o rib
cutane/o skin
dactyl/o fingers, toes
duct/o to lead, carry
flex/o to bend
furc/o forking, branching
gloss/o tongue
immune/o protection
mort/o death
nat/i birth
nect/o to bind, tie, connect
norm/o rule, order
ox/o oxygen
pub/o pubis(pubic bone), anterior portion of the pelvic or hipbone
seps/o infection
somn/o sleep
son/o sound
the/o to put, place
thyr/o thyroid gland, shield (the shape of the thyroid gland resembled [-oid] a shield to those who named it}
top/o place, position, location
tox/o poison
urethr/o urethra
-blast embryonic, immature
-crine to secrete
-cyesis pregnancy
-drome to run
-fusion coming together, to pour
-gen substance that produces
-lapse to slide, fall, sag
-meter to measure
-mission to send
-or one who
-partum birth, labor
-phoria to bear, carry, feeling (mental state)
-physis to grow
-pnea breathing
-rrhea flow, discharge
ab- away from (notice that the b faces away from the a)
ad- toward (notice that the d faces toward the a)
ante- before, forward
anti- against
bi- two
brady- slow
con- with, together
contra- against, opposite
de- down, lack of
dys- bad, painful, difficult, abmormal
ec- out, outside
ecto- out, outside
en- in, within
eu- good, normal
hemi- half
infra- beneath, under
intra- in, within, into
macro- large
mal- bad
micro- small
neo- new
pan- all
para- abnormal, beside, near
per- through
poly- many, much
post- after, behind
pre- before, in front of
pseudo- false
supra- above, upper
syn- together, with
sym- together, with
tachy- fast
ultra- beyond, excess
uni- one
Created by: 759367886