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sindrome neurologico

sindromes neurologicos

TermDefinitionlocalización
sde prerrolándico hemiparesia contralateral desviación mirada contralateral afectación HD: afasia de broca frontal
sde prefrontal alteración de la conducta relfejos de liberación de linea media apraxia de la marcha incontinencia urinaria frontal
sde parietal hemihipoestesia contralateral agnosia sensitiva contralateral hemianopasia homónima inferior contralateral abolición nistagmo hacia lado de la lesión HD: apraxia ideomotora, sde gerstmann HnD: heminegligencia, anosognosia, apraxia de vestir parietal
sde temporal hemianopsia homónima superior contralateral alteración de la memoria alucinaciones auditivas, olfatoria, gustativa HD: afasia wenike, amusia HnD: no reconocimiento melodias Bilat: sordera cortical, Korsakoff, Cluver-Bucy temporal
sde Balint apraxia oculomotora ataxia optica asimultagnosia occipital
sde occipital hemianopsia hómonima contralateral alucinaciones visuales HD: agnosia de colores, alexia sin agrafía HnD: metamorfopsia, alextesia visual, polipnosia Bilat: cegeura coritcal, sde de Anton, sde de Balint occipital
sde korsakoff no memoria anterógrada temporal,frontal
sde kluver-bucy apatia placidez hipersexualidad bulimia temporal
sde gerstmann disgrafia discalculia confusión D-I agnosia digital HD: afasia de wernike parietal
sde 1º moton debilidad espasticidad hiperreflexia
sde 2º moton amiotrofia precoz arreflexia fasciculaciones fibrilaciones
sde seudobulbar labilidad emocional alt de la mm halba (habla, masticación, deglución) reflejos de liberaicón de linea media bilateral
sde benedikt paresia NPCIII ipsilateral, ataxia cerebelosa y temblor, hemihipoestesia contralateral, hemiparesia contralateral mesencéfalo
sde weber hemiparesia contralateral, paresia NPCIII mesencéfalo
sde parinaud parálisis mirada vertical, imposibilidad acomodación pupilar mesencéfalo
sde protuberancial superior lateral ipsilateral: ataxia EE y marcha, nss, nistagmo horizontal, parálisis mirada conjugada, horner, temblor, hipoestesia tacil BC contralateral...... contralateral: alt sensibilidad dolorosa y térmica, alteración sensibilidad tactil, vibratoria y posicional protuberancia superior
sde protuberancial superior medial ipsilateral: ataxia cerbelosa, oftalmoplejia internuclear, sde mioclónico....... contralateral: parálisis FBC, alt sensibilidad tactil, vibratoria, posicional protuberancia superior
sde protuberancial medial/ sde millar-gluver foville paresia NPC VI y VII ipsilateral, hemiparesia contralateral BC, hipoestesia contralateral protuberancia inferior
sde protuberancia inferior lateral / sde AICA mismo que sde protuberancial suprior lateral.... afectación NPC V, VII, VIII protuberancia inferior
sde protuberancial biltareral / lock in unico que puede hacer es mover los ojos protuberancia
sde de wallenber / bulbar lateral vertigo, nistagmo, ataxia de la marcha, dismetría ipsilateral, horner, afectación NPC X, XI y V, hipoestesia termoalgésica contralateral BR
sde dejerine / bulbar medial afectación XII ipsilateral hemiplejia/hipoestesia controlateral BR
sde claude paresia NPCIII ipsilateral, atacia cerebelosa contralateral, temblo y coreo-atetosis controlateral mesencéfalo
Created by: pablosbartrina
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