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The Muscular system-

Abduction away from the midline of the body
Adduction movement of a limb toward the midline of the body
Adhension a band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally
Ataxia a lack of muscle coordination during voluntary movement
Atonic Atrophy lacking normal muscle tone or strength
Atrophy weakness or wearing away of body tissues and structures caused by pathology or by disuse over a long period of time.
Bradykinesia extreme slowness in movement
Carpal tunnel syndrome swelling that creates pressure on the median nerve as it passes through the carpal tunnel
chronic fatigue syndrome a disorder of unknown cause that affects many body systems, with symptoms similar to those fibromyalgia syndrome.
circumduction circular movement of a limb
contracture the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissues.
dorsiflexion bends the foot upward at the ankle
dyskinesia the distortion or impairment of voluntary movement such as in a tic or spasm
dystonia a condition of abnormal muscle tone that causes the impairment of voluntary muscle movement
electromyography a diagnostic test that measures the electrical activity within muscle fibers in response to nerve stimulation
epicondylitis inflammation of the tissues around the elbow; golfer or tennis elbow
ergonomics the study of the human factors that affect the design and operation of tools and the work environment
exercise physiologist a specialist who works under the supervision of a physician to develop, implement, and coordinate exercise programs, and administer medical tests to promote physical fitness
fasciitis inflammation of the fascia
fibromyalgia syndrome a debilitating chronic condition characterized by fatigue, diffuse and or specific muscle, joint, or bone pain, and a wide range of other symptoms
ganglion cyst a harmless fluid-filled swelling that occurs most commonly on the outer surface of the wrist
heel spur a calcium deposit in the plantar fascia nears its attachment to the calcaneus bone that can be one of the causes of plantar fasciitis
hemiparesis slight paralysis or weakness affecting one side of the body
hemiplegia total paralysis affecting only one side of the body
hernia organ or tissue protruding through the wall or cavity that usually contains it
hyperkinesia abnormally increased muscle function or activity
hypotonia a condition in which there is diminished tone of the skeletal muscles
impingement syndrome occurs when inflamed and swollen tendons are caught in the narrow space between the bones within the shoulder joint
insertion the point of attachment of a muscle to the part that it moves
intermittent claudication pain in the leg muscles that occurs during exercise and is relieved by rest
muscular dystrophy the term used to describe a group of genetic diseases that are characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the skeletal muscles that control movement
myasthenia gravis chronic autoimmune disease that affects the neuromuscular junction and produces serious weakness of voluntary muscles
myocele the herniation of muscle substance through a tear in the fascia surrounding it
myoclonus sudden, involuntary jerking of a muscle or group of muscles
myofascial release a specialized soft tissue manipulation technique used to ease the pain of conditions such as fibromyalgia, myofascial pain syndrome, movement restrictions, temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ), and carpal tunnel syndrome
myolysis the degeneration of muscle tissue
myorrhaphy the surgical suturing of a muscle wound
neuromuscular pertaining to the relationship between nerve and muscle
nocturnal myoclonus jerking of the limbs that can occur normally as a person is falling asleep
oblique slanted or at an angle
paralysis the loss of sensation and voluntary muscle movements in a muscle through disease or injury to its nerve supply
paraplegia paralysis of both legs and the lower part of the body
physiatrist a physician who specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation with the focus on restoring function
plantar fasciitis an inflammation of the plantar fascia on the sole of the foot
polymyositis a muscle disease characterized by the simultaneous inflammation and weakening of voluntary muscles in many parts of the body
pronation to turn downward or backward as with the hand or foot
quadriplegia paralysis of all four extremities
range of motion testing diagnostic procedure to evaluate joint mobility and muscle strength
sarcopenia the loss of muscle mass, strength, and function that comes with aging
shin splint a painful condition caused by the muscle tearing away from the tibia
singultus myoclonus of the diaphragm that causes the characteristic hiccup sound with each spasm (hiccups)
spasmodic torticollis a stiff neck due to spasmodic contraction of the neck muscles that pull the head toward the affected side
sphincter circular ring of muscle that constricts a passage or closes a natural opening
sprain an injury in which the ligaments holding bones together are stretched too far and tear.
tenodesis surgical suturing of the end of a tendon to a bone
tenosynovitis inflammation of the sheath surrounding a tendon
tenolysis the release of a tendon from adhesions
tenorrhaphy surgical suturing together of the divided ends of a tendon
Created by: 156470