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Global Regents Facts

Need to know fact for REGENTS!

QuestionAnswer
Ethnocentrism evaluating other peoples and cultures according to the standards of one's own culture.
Cultural diffusion is the process by which a cultural item spreadsfrom group to group or society to society
Early river valley civilizations are known for... constant flooding that left rich soil, ideal for farming
Ancient Athenians are credited with... establishing governments that had democraticelements
The Ancient Romans’ most significant contribution to Europe... has been in the area of law
An immediate result of the fall of the Roman Empire was... disorder/weak centralgovernment
Byzantine Empire was the.. Eastern Roman empire after “fall” of Rome. Emperor Justinianestablished Justinian’s code, built Hagia Sophia. Byzantine empire introduced Eastern Orthodox Church to Russia
Judaism, Islam, and Christianity share a belief... in monotheism/ethical conduct
Golden age of Islam was during the... 800s-1300s major discoveries in mathematics and science
The Middle Ages in Western Europe was characterized by... manorialism, feudalism,church
Feudalism in Western Europe was similar to feudalism in Japan in that... power wasbased on class relationships
In Japan between 1603 and 1868, the most Notable action taken by the Tokugawa Shogunate was the... virtual isolation of country from outside world
Results of Crusades were... trade and commerce increased and the feudal system was weakened
The Mongols played a significant role in Russian history by... isolating Russia from Western Europe during the early Renaissance
Bantu migration lead to... language, cultural diffusio
Magna Carta was the... english bill of rights where power of king limited
Mansa Musa... converted Mali to Islam, journeyed to Mecca in 1300Mali- Salt/Gold
Middle passage was the... transatlantic slave trade from Africa to the Americas
Renaissance... humanism (human potential and abilities), Mediterranean trade, art (Da’Vinci, Michelangelo)
Niccolo Machiavelli... better to be feared than loved, ends justify the means
Martin Luther... Protestant reformation/95 theses (reforms within the Roman Catholic Church) /translated bible to vernacular
What helped bring about reformation was... kings and princes in Northern Europeresented the power of the Catholic Church
Effect of Reformation was the... decline in religious unity and in the power of the Catholic Church
In Latin America, the Maya and the Aztec civilizations were similar in that they both developed... complex mathematical and calendar systems
In Latin America during the early period of Spanish colonialism... the deaths of large numbers of the native people led to importation of slaves from Africa
One reason the Spanish conquistadors were able to conquer the Aztec and Inca Empires rapid is that they had... was because of superior weapons, and disease
Spain’s colonial policy of mercantilism affected nations by promoting... production of raw materials and cash crops
The Treaty of Tordesillas was during... (1494), concerning Latin America, and the Berlin Conference (1884-1885), concerning Africa, were similar in that each agreement divided each area into European-controlled segments
Peter the Great and Catherine the Great changed Russia by... introducing Western Ideas and Customs
Francis Bacon, Galileo, and Isaac Newton promoted the idea that... knowledge should be based on experimentation and observation
During the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment, one similarity in the work of many scientists and philosophers was that they... examined natural laws in the universe
The writings of the Enlightenment philosophers in Europe encouraged later political revolution with their support of... the natural rights of man
John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau would be most likely to support a society in which people... choose their ruler
One important result of the French Revolution was that power shifted to the... bourgeoisie
Simon Bolivar and Miguel Hidalgo, leaders of Latin American independence movements, were inspired by successful revolutions in the... U.S. and France
French revolution... reign of terror, declaration of rights of man
In a number of European countries in the 1800’s, which situation occurred as a result of the influence of the French Revolution? rise of nationalist movements
The best examples of the success of nationalism in Europe is the unification of... Germany and Italy
According to Karl Marx, history is the record of the struggles between... classes in society
A major result of the Industrial Revolution was the concentration of workers in... urban areas
Created by: Aroojz