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Post War Conflicts

Vocabulary GCA WHII

TermDefinitionTime Period
Post War Conflicts Outcomes of World War II including war crimes trials, division of Europe, plans to rebuild Germany and Japan and the establishment of international cooperative oraganizations Cold War
Cold War period of time between 1945 and 1991 when the US and the USSR engaged in intense competition for control of the world Cold War
United States provided supplies to the Soviets to help stop Hitler Cold War
U.S.S.R. "While the Westen nations supplied resources, the Russians spilled blood" Cold War
Uneasy Alliance because Stalin and Hitler had a non-aggression pact early in the war, they had shared terrritories which made the Allies distrust USSR Post War Conflicts
Capitalism vs command economy Government has less hand in trade vs the government has complete control over the economy Cold War
Democracy vs communism government by the people vs a government run by one person Cold War
The “Big Three” Churhill, Roosevelt, and Stalin Post War Conflicts
Winston Churchill Prime Minister of England during WWII Post War Conflicts
Franklin D. Roosevelt President of US at the end of WWII Post War Conflicts
Joseph Stalin Dictator of Russia; had a non-aggression pact with Hitler, but turned to the Allied side Post War Conflicts
Britain constantly bombed during WWII, people had to hide in subways Post War Conflicts
America got involved because of Pearl Harbor Post War Conflicts
France not apart of Yalta but got a fourth of Germany Post War Conflicts
Russia became a major superpower along with the US Post War Conflicts
Divided Germany divided between Britian, France, US, and USSR Post War Conflicts
West Germany Britian, France, and US zones; Self-governed; democracy; capitolist economy Post War Conflicts
East Germany Russian dominated; puppet government; communist; command economy Post War Conflicts
West Berlin Capitol of West Germany Post War Conflicts
East Berlin Capitol of East Germany Post War Conflicts
Satellite Nations puppets controlled by the USSR Post War Conflicts
Iron Curtain Symbol of Cold War; Berlin Wall Cold War
Japan Occupied by American forces (General MacArthur); emerged with a dominant economy Post War Conflicts
General MacArthur the general who helped get Japan back to normal Post War Conflicts
US Occupation of Japan Led by General MacArthur; demilitarized; democratic government Post War Conflicts
Nuremberg Trials A series of military court trials held in Nuremburg, Germany by the Allied forces Post War Conflicts
Economic Plans Plans made by the US and USSR for rebuilding European economies Post War Conflicts
Marshall Plan The US economic plan; loans money with interest; country must be democratic; must spend money on US goods Post War Conflicts
Molotov Plan USSR economic plan; loan money with interest; country must be communist; must spend money on USSR goods Post War Conflicts
Truman Doctrine Offers help to anti-communist countries; start of Cold War Post War Conflicts
Harry Truman President of the US; comes up with the Truman Doctrine Post War Conflicts
Containment Policy policy to contain Communist expansion Cold War
North Atlantic treaty Organization (NATO) political organization including Western Europe, US, and Canada Cold War
Warsaw Pact political organization including USSR and their satalite nations Cold War
Space Race competition between the US and the USSR for supremacy in space exploration Cold War
Sputnik First satellite in space; built by the Russians Cold War
Berlin Wall Built to seperate East and West Berlin; The Iron Curtian Cold War
Arms Race competition to be the top military superpower Cold War
Espionage spying on another country Cold War
Deterrence policy to increase arms to deter the enemy from using their weapons Cold War
United Nations (UN) governmental organization created to aviod future global wars through international law and security Cold War
General Assembly everyone in the UN; all member have one vote; recomend actions to the Security Council Cold War
Security Council part of the UN. Can enforce sanctions; China, France, England, US, and Russia are the permenant members; 10 additional seats which rotate every 2 years but have no veto power Cold War
Chinese Civil War Nationalists vs communists for control of China Chinese Revolution
Chaing Kai-Shek Nationalist leader of Chinese Civil War Chinese Revolution
Mao Zedong Communist leader and victor of Chinese Civil War Chinese Revolution
Taiwan Chaing Kai-Shek and nationalists retreat to here after Chinese Revolution Chinese Revolution
Deng Xiaping Next Chinese communist leader after Mao Chinese Revolution
Four Modernizations Goals to strengthen the feilds of agriculture industry, national defense, science and technology in China Chinese Revolution
Korean War Between North and South Korea Korean War
38th Parallel Border between North and South Korea Korean War
Stalemate Neither side moves or advances Korean War
Vietnam War War between North and South Vietnam Vietnam War
17th Parallel the place where Vietnam was divided Vietnam War
Ho Chi Minh Vietnamese communist leader of the North Vietnam War
Domino Theory one country falls to communism, then it's neighbors will too Vietnam War
Tet Offensive North Vietnam launches suprise attack on the Tet holiday Vietnam War
Agent Orange Chemical Warfare; causes major health problems Vietnam War
Kent State anti-war protest gone wrong at a college campus Vietnam War
Vietnamization Withdrawal of US troops and replaceming them with Vietnamese troops Vietnam War
Nixon President of the US during VietnamizatLion; he came up with the plan Vietnam War
Cuban Missile Crisis Missiles from the USSR went into Cuba, but Kennedy blockaded Cuba and ordered the USSR to take them back and the USSR backed down Cold War
Fidel Castro Led a communist revolution in Cuba Cold War
Nikita Khrushchev Dictator of USSR during Cuban Missile Crisis Cold War
John F. Kennedy President of the US during Cuban Missile Crisis Cold War
Bay of Pigs a failed attempt to overthrow Fidel Castro Cold War
Brinkmanship Right on the edge of nuclear war Cold War
Collapse of Soviet Union satellite nations want to become independant; economic inefficiancy; increasing Soviet military exenses to compete with the US lead to... Cold War
Mikhail Gorbachev Last president of the USSR Cold War
“glasnost” openness Cold War
“perestroika” economic restructuring Cold War
Fall of Berlin Wall symbolizes the collapse of the Soviet Union Cold War
Boris Yeltsin 1st elected president of the USSR Cold War
Ronald Reagan Increased military pressure on the USSR; "Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall" Cold War
Star Wars Strategic Defense Initiative Cold War
Margaret Thatcher Britian's "Iron Lady" Cold War
“Iron Lady” Margaret Thatcher Cold War
Created by: WorldStudiesII