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Enlightenment

Vocabulary GCA WHII

TermDefinitionTime Period
Enlightenment the time period of new thinking Enlightenment
scientific knowledge knowlage applied through science Enlightenment
reason the human thought process Enlightenment
social contract the consent of the people to be governed Enlightenment
natural rights the basic rights of all humans to life, liberty, and property Enlightenment
right to overthrow the right for citizens to overthrow the government if they fail at fulfilling their duties Enlightenment
Separation of powers the division of power between different branches of government Enlightenment
checks and balances the process in which the government is checked by other areas of government in order to prevent one person from gaining too much control Enlightenment
Separation of church and state the philosophy that the Church should deal only with religious affairs, and the State should deal only with political affairs; not the church having complete control Enlightenment
common good the community as a whole should be placed above individual interests Enlightenment
Consent of the Governed a contract representing the relationship between the government and the governed Enlightenment
novel a literary genre that developed in the 18th century Enlightenment
all-weather roads stronger roads that can sustain more people than previous dirt roads, thus increasing trade Enlightenment
Baroque era an early 18th century era of music Enlightenment
Classical era a late 18th century era of music Enlightenment
Father of the Symphony Joseph Haydn Enlightenment
novelist a novel writer Enlightenment
Don Quixote considered the first novel written; written by Miguel de Cervantes in 1605 Enlightenment
Liberty Leading the People a painting representing the revolutions that started because of the Enlightenment; painted by Eugene Delacroix in 1830 Enlightenment
Hobbes wrote Leviathan; believed people were naturally cruel, greedy, and selfish; thought the government should have all authority; believed in social contacts; thought the best form of government was an absolute monarchy Enlightenment
Locke wrote Two Treatsies on Government; believed people are resonable, moral, and deserve natural rights; thought the best form of government was a democracy; believed in the people's right to overthrow Enlightenment
Montesquieu wrote The Spirit of Laws; believe in the separation of powers and checks and balances Enlightenment
Voltaire wrote Candide; used wit to expose corruption of government leaders; advocated religious tolerance; believed in separation of church and state; Enlightenment
Rousseau wrote The Social Contract; believed that people are naturally good, but society corrupts them; thought individuals should get more freedom; believed in ideas such as common good and consent of the governed Enlightenment
Bach German style composer of the Baroque era who pushed the boundaries of music higher Enlightenment
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart brilliant and mature styled composer of the Classical era Enlightenment
Haydn prominent composer of the Classical era who was also known as the Father of Symphony Enlightenment
Cervantes Spanish novelist who wrote Don Quixote Enlightenment
Delacroix artist who painted Liberty Leading the People and also the leader of the French Romantic School Enlightenment
Created by: WorldStudiesII