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meda 102

chapter 13: Ear

acous/o; audi/o the combining form for hearing
aer/o the combining form for air or gas
aur/I; ot/o the combining form for ear
cerumin/o the combining form for wax
salping/o the combining form for Eustachian tube
tympan/o; myring/o the combining form for eardrum
-acusis the suffix referring to a hearing condition
equal air pressure air passed to the auditory tube from outside of the body via the throat is important for maintaining this
malleus (hammer) the first of the three auditory ossicles of the middle ear
incus the anvil is also known as this
middle ear the stapes (stirrup) is located here
mastoid process projection of the temporal bone located behind the ear
inner ear relays sound waves to the brain for interpretation of sound
labyrinthitis the term for inflammation of the inner ear (labyrinth)
cochlea coiled tubular structure of the inner ear
organ of corti organ located in the cochlea that contains receptors that receive vibrations and generate nerve impulses for hearing
saccule the term referring to a small/little bag
semicircular canals specialized receptor cells that generate nerve impulses with body movement
otalgia; otodynia the terms for earache
otorrhea the term for purulent drainage from the ear
tinnitus ringing or buzzing in the ear
vertigo the term referring to dizziness
cerumen impaction excessive buildup of wax in the ear
myringitis; tympanitis inflammation of the eardrum
otitis media inflammation of the middle ear
Meniere disease excessive buildup of endolymphatic fluid causing episodes of vertigo, tinnitus, nausea, vomiting, and hearing loss
deafness partial or complete hearing loss
conductive hearing loss interference with sound or vibratory energy in the external canal, middle ear, or ossicles
sensorineural hearing loss impairment caused by lesions or dysfunction of the cochlea or auditory nerve
audiometer instrument used to measure hearing
audiogram record of hearing measurement
audiologist person who specialized in the study of hearing impairments
tuning fork two pronged instrument used to test for hearing, especially bone conduction
otoscope the instrument used to examine the external auditory meatus and tympanic membrane
pneumatic otoscopy observation of the tympanic membrane as air is released into the external auditory meatus
myringotomy; tympanostomy incision into the eardrum for insertion of a small metal or plastic tube
stapedectomy excision to correct otosclerosis
cochlear implant; auditory prosthesis this electronic device is implanted to help improve or substitute for natural hearing loss
ear lavage irrigation of the external ear canal, to remove excessive buildup of cerumen
antibiotic drug used to treat otitis media
Created by: meda_vsoladey