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Ba'hai Terms Quiz

TermDefinition
Prophet God has sent them to every nation in human history with the same message - surrender to god. He has sent 124,000 of them.
Messenger Prophets that bring special revelation in the form of sacred law (Shariah) and they succeed each other. Their Shariah is more important than the last. Only five of them - Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammed.
Quran Represents the fullest and final revelation from god. Means "recitation" - the documented recitations of Muhammed from the angel Gabriel. Amplifies the themes of the Bible.
Mecca The most holy city of Islam, where Muhammed was originally from
Ali One of Muhammad's earliest converts, his cousin and son and law. Shia muslims claimed him to be the leader of Islam after Muhammad dies and gave him the title "Imam," the single leader of every aspect of human existence and his authority was infallible.
Abu Bakr One of Muhammad's earliest converts, his father-in-law. Sunni muslims claimed him to be the leader of Islam after Muhammed died because he was the most capable leader, called him "Caliph."
Sunna (of the prophet) Stories that Muslims collected about Muhammed's life
Hadith The printed form of the Sunna; functions as a second scriptural source
Caliph The title means representation of God on Earth, given to Abu Bakr first, the political leader of the Sunni Muslims
Shiah The branch of Muslims that chose to give all political and religious power to Ali, and believed that the Imam must be a blood relative of Muhammad. Many difference smaller divisions exist.
Imam The single leader of every aspect of human existence for the Shia Muslims and his authority his infallible. Has to be a blood relative of Muhammed. The first was Ali.
Twelvers A division of Shia Islam - they believe that there have only been 12 Imams. the 12th Imam was Muhammad al-Mahdi, he went into lesser occultation and then greater occultation, where he will remain until judgement day.
Manifestation sort of like prophets, "manifestations of God." They are more than human, they are of unique nature. Sent by God to reach out to humans. They reflect God and perfectly embody the message of God. When they speak, their words are scripture.
Bab A holy man who announces on May 23, 1844 that he is Muhammed al-Mahdi returned and that Jesus is returning soon. His name means "the gate."
Baha’u’llah Received visions from God after the Bab died that told him he was "he who god will make manifest." His name means "the glory of god." After he died, we entered the golden age.
‘Abdu’l-Baha Baha'u'llah's son, his name means "the servant of the glory." Appointed as the custodian of the religion.
Heroic Age Ended with the death of ‘Abdu’l-Baha.
Formative Age Refers to a time period that began with the passing of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and will last until the establishment of the Golden Age.
Golden Age Will begin at the end of the lesser peace. Some characteristics: Everyone will be Bahai, everyone will speak one language, individual human rights will be universal, Equality, universal education. Baha ula's new world order will be established
Shoghi Effendi Baha'u'llah's grandson, appointed as the next custodian after 'Abdu'l-Baha
The Universal House of Justice The supreme governing institution of the Bahá'í Faith. It is a legislative institution with the authority to supplement and apply the laws of Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith, and exercises a judicial function.
Lesser Prophets People that the Ba'hais recognize to be important but they're not manifestations (Paul, Joseph Smith etc.)
Greater Covenant Made between every messenger from God and his followers concerning the next manifestation of God.
Lesser Covenant Concerns successorship of authority within the religion after the messenger dies.
Authoritative interpretation The interpretations by the Founders and the Centers of the Covenant of the Bahá’í Faith concerning the writings and teachings of the Ba'hai Faith.
Individual Interpretation The interpretation and understanding that each individual arrives at through personal study of and contemplation about the Writings and teachings of the Faith.
Most Great Peace Same thing as the Golden Age
Lesser Peace Includes the formative age and the age of transition, what are in now, the time before the Most Great Peace/Golden Age/New World Order
Administrative maturity
Aqdas a central book of the Bahá'í Faith written by Bahá'u'lláh. Sometimes referred to as "the most holy book."
Salat Muslim ritual prayer performed five times each day
Fasting during Ala During the month of Ala (March 2-20), Baha'is are to avoid all eating and drinking between sunrise and sunset. Its chief purpose is spiritual; to reinvigorate the soul and bring the person closer to God.
Huququ’llah A socio-economic and spiritual law of the Bahá'í Faith, written by Bahá'u'lláh. It states that Bahá'ís should make a 19% voluntary payment on any wealth in excess of what is necessary to live comfortably to the Universal House of Justice.
Created by: ashleyleighsmith
 

 



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