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world war 2

chapter 28

QuestionAnswer
Appeasement: Giving in to agressive demands in order to avoid war
Winston Churchill: British prime minister;he opposed the policy of appeasement and led Great Britain through World War 2
Axis Powers: The alliance of germany,Italy,and Japan in World War 2
Nonaggression Pact: An agreement between nations to not attack one another
Blitzkrieg: A German word meaning"lightning war";a fast,forceful style of fighting used by germans in World War 2
Allies: The alliance of Britain,France,and Russia in World War 2;joined by the United States after the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941
Battle of Britain: Three month air battle between Germany and Great britain fought over Great Britain during World War 2;Britain's victory forestalled a german invasion
Hideki Tojo: Japanese nationalist and general;he took control of Japan during World War 2.He was later tried and executed for war crimes
Isolationism: Staying out of the affairs and wars of other nations;the position initially held by the United States at the beginning of World War 2
Erwin Rommel: German general during World War 2;he commanded the Afrika Korps and was nicknamed the Desert Fox for his leadership
Battle of El Alamein: World War 2 battle in which Britain won a decisive victory over germany in Egypt, securing the Suez Canal
Dwight D. Eisenhower: General;thirty-fourth president of the United States;as supreme Allied Commander in Europe during World War 2,he led the Allied invasions of North Africa and of France(D-Day)
Siege of Leningrad: Nazi army's unsuccessful attempt to capture the city of Leningrad in the Soviet Union during World war 2;as many as 1 million civilians perished during the siege
Douglas MacArthur: American general,he commanded U.S. troops in the southwest Pacific durin Worl war 2 and administered Japan after the war ended.he later commanded UN forces at the beginning of the Korean War,until he was removed by president Truman
Bataan Death March: A forced march of American and Filipino prisoners of war captured by the Japanese in the Philippines in World War 2
Battle of Midway: World War 2 naval battle fought in the Pacific;the Americans broke the Japanese code and knew the date and location of the attack,setting the stage for a major American victory
Battle of Guadalcanal: World War 2 battle in the Pacific;it represented the first Allied counter-attack against Japanese forces;Allied victory forced Japanese forces to abandon the island
Kamikazes: In World war 2,Japanese pilots who loaded their aircraft with bombs and crashed them into enemy ships
Deported: Forced to leave a country
Final Solution: The Nazi party's plan to murder the entire Jewish population of europe and the soviet Union
Ghetto: An area where minority groups live
Concentration Camps: Detention sites created for military or political purposes to confine,terrorize,and,in some cases,kill civilians
Holocaust: The killing of millions of Jews and others by the Nazis during World War 2
D-Day: June 6,1944;the first day the Allied invasion of Normandy in World War 2
V-E Day: May 8,1945;a term used by the Allies,it stands for "Victory in Europe" during World war 2
Battle of Iwo Jima: World War 2 battle between Japanese forces and invading U.S. troops
Battle of Okinawa: World war 2 victory for the Allied troops that resulted in the deaths of almost all of the 100,000 Japanese defenders;the battle claimed 12,000 Americans live
Harry S. Truman: Thrity-third president of the United States;he became president upon the death of Franklin D.Roosevelt.He led the United States through the of world war 2 and the beginning of the Cold War
Hirohito: Emperor of Japan from 1926 10 1989;he led Japan during World War 2 and was forced into unconditional surrender following the atomi bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
V-J Day: August 15,1945;a term used by the Allies,it stands for "victory over Japan" during Wolrd War 2
Yalta Conference: A meeting between franklin Roosevelt,Winstin Churchill,and Joseph Stalin to reach and agreement on what to do with Germany after World war 2
United Nations: International organization formed in 1945 to maintain world peace and encourage cooperation among nations
Potsdam Conference: A meeting of Allied leaders in the German city of Potsdam to address issues about the post-world war 2 Europe
Created by: brittanyaleshire