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Cities & Urban Land

#'s 18-22, 24-33, 35-41

TermDefinition
World city Dominant city in terms of its role in the global political economy: center of the flow of information and capital
Emerging cities City currently without much population but increasing in size at a fast rate
Megacities A city with a population of over 10 million people
Gateway city A city that serves as a link between one country or region and others because of its physical situation
Primate city The largest settlement in a country if it has more than 2x as many people as the second-ranking settlement
Economic base: basic Export primarily to consumers outside the settlement
Economic base: nonbasic Enterprises whose customers live in the same community
Entrepot A trading center, or simply a warehouse, where merchandise can be imported and exported without paying import duties, often at a profit
Infrastructure The underlying framework of services and amenities needed to facilitate productive activity
CBD (Central business district) Downtown of a city
Census tracts Small districts used by the U.S Census Bureau to survey the population
Peak land value intersection The most accessible and costly parcel of land in the CBD and therefore in the entire urbanized area
Centrality The strength of an urban center in its capacity to attract producers and consumers to its facilities; a city's "reach" into the surrounding region
Decentralization The tendency of people or businesses and industry to locate outside the central city
Commercialization The transformation of an area of a city into an area attractive to residents and tourists alike in terms of economic activity
Squatter settlements Illegal housing settlements usually made of temporary shelters that surround large cities
Inner city the central area of a major city; in the US it often applied to the poorer parts of the city center where people are less educated and wealthy where there is more crime
Ethnic neighborhood An area within a city containing members of the same ethnic background
Ghetto Used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority live because of social, legal, or economic pressure
Redlining A practice by bans and mortgage companies of demarcating areas considered to be a high risk for housing loans
Urban renewal The cleaning and redevelopment of urban slum
Blockbusting Process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their houses at low prices because of fear ethnic minorities will move into their neighborhood
Gentrification A process of converting an urban neighborhood from a predominately low-income renter-occupied area to a predominately middle-class owner-occupied area
Created by: 3163650
 

 



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