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AP World Unit 2

TermDefinition
Monotheism vs Polytheism The belief of only one true god ex: Judaism vs the belief of more then one god or goddess ex: Hinduism
Patriarchal Society It is a male dominate society, where male is head of family, jobs, landownership, etc.
Filial piety The important virtue and primary duty of respect, obedience, and care for one's parents and elderly family members
Zoroastrianism Founded in Persia by Zarathushtra in late 7th century early 6th century and believed in more then one god but had a supreme all seeing god, foundation of Christianity, Muslim, and Judaism.
Confucianism A way of life Confucius taught in the 6th to 5th century B.C in China. Believes in filial piety, benevolence, reciprocity, li, de, and zhong
Legalism Legalist promoted a practical and ruthlessly efficient way to devote their attention only towards expansion and strengthening the empire.
Irrigation Systems it was a way for people to concentrate desirable plants into a manageable area, prevent weeds from growing, and to keep or drain water. Egypt and Mesopotamia were the first to develop this and new techniques such as a quaint _______________
Emperor Qin Shihuangdi (221-210 B.C.E) unified China through centralization and standardizing all laws, currencies, weights, etc.
Monastic life This way of living is found mostly in Christianity and Buddhism, which is honoring and praising one god
Spread of Christianity, Buddhism, and Hinduism (200 B.C.E- 400 C.E) Used missionaries and traveled along the Silk Road and sea lanes. Christianity spread to Europe and Middle eastern while Buddhism spread to China and Hinduism to Southeast Asia.
Spread of Epidemic Diseases Caused by different animals and people all traveling along the Silk Road. In the second and third century Han and Roman empires population declined drasticly, affecting the social and economic status.
Silk Roads During Classical era, empires were looking to expand merchants and travelers created network or trade routes connecting Eurasia to North Africa. By overland, sea lanes, and maritime trading it created spread of technologies, religions, and culture.
End of Han Dynasty (180 C.E) Chinese Empire got divided into three different sections and caused chaos and disorders for the centuries to come.
Vedic Religions Later on known as Hinduism, it believed in the caste system and emphasized reincarnation.
Yellow Turban Rebellion (184 C.E) During Han Dynasty, large landowners shifted taxes to but more burden on the peasants, under increasing economic pressure peasants started an uprising in China. Lead to end of Han Dynasty
Caste System Derived from Hinduism, its a social stratification system determined by the person's profession. There are four social castes (Varna) and the untouchables. People were only allowed to marry and have jobs that were in the same social castes as them
Commercial Agriculture Many growing empires switched from planting crops to bringing in goods such as grain from other countries. Created economic specialized roles.
Classical Era (500 B.C.E-500 C.E) All societies faced the same problems of military challenges, maintain an equitable land distribution and ruling large empires. All societies were involved in long distance trading and had sophisticated cultural and religions.
Daoism It is a Chinese philosophical way of life that believes in a accepting and yielding joyous carefree attitude towards life and characterized as a positive active attitude towards theories on the nature of reality
Hinduism Founded in India about 1500 B.C.E believes in many gods and goddesses and an all seeing or supreme god
Christianity Founded in 32 B.C.E in Palestine, believe in a God and his son Jesus. They believe the bible is the writings and teachings of God and their is a heaven and hell.
Judaism It is the belief of Abraham as a patriarch founded in about 2000 B.C.E They are called Jews and have scriptures called the Tanakh.
Buddhism Founded in India by Siddhartha Gautama 563-460 B.C.E They believe in reincarnation and Nirvana. They believe that there are certain steps you have to follow before reaching the state of Nirvana such as the four noble truths.
Created by: hayalltheway