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Hermeneutics

Final countdown!!!

QuestionAnswer
3 questions to ask are... What it meant? What it means? How to apply it?
What separates us from the Bible's original audience? Time, culture, language. OT is under a different covenant
The Bible is... The divine human book
This is that we had word choice and God gave message that needed to get across. Plenary Verbal
How should we read the Bible? To get the most out we must move from superficial to careful reading
9 items to look for when studying sentences of the text. Repetition of words, contrasts, comparisons, lists, cause and effect, figures of speech, conjunctions, verbs, pronouns
Items to look for in paragraphs. General and specific, question and answer, dialogue, purpose statements, means, conditional clauses (if...then), actions of people and God, emotional terms, tone
What is the biblical units of connected text under investigation that are longer than paragraphs Discourses
Items to look for in discourses. Connections between paragraphs and episodes, story shifts (major breaks or pivots), interchange, chiasm
What is the 1st rule of Hermeneutics? the text cannot mean what it never meant
What are the exceptions to the 1st rule of Hermeneutics? prophecy, poetry, figures of speech
What does exegesis deal with? what the text meant
What does Hermeneutics deal with what the text means
What the the goal of good interpretation? Get the plain meaning of the text
T or F. A Bible translation is an interpretation True
Since the Bible is both divine and human each book has eternal relevance and its own historical particularity
When doing exegesis what do we need to grasp Historical context, Literary context, questions on content
3 tools to help with exegesis? Good Bible translation, Bible dictionary, commentary
a literary device, used primarily in narrative, that involves contrasting or comparing two stories at the same time as part of the overall story development. Ex. 1 Sam 1-3 Eli's sons vs. Samuel Interchange
inverted correspondence formed from key words or thoughts Chiasm
the outer edges of the chaism can provide the lens through which to view the entire chiasm, thus giving greater understanding of the passage Inclusio
The meaning intended by author to the original audience Authorial intention
That which author wishes to covey with his signs Meaning
Conventions of language. We must also let historical and literary contexts help us determine the intended meaning. Signs
Interpretation where reader is at center of interpretational process and no meaning exists Reader response
What are the different lens to viewing the Bible? Liberation, feminist, queer, post modern, prosperity, green dragon
All of our preconceived notions and understandings that we bring to the text, which have been formulated, both consciously and subconsciously, before we actually study text in detail Preunderstanding
Our _____ influences our preunderstandings Culture
Integrated pattern of knowledge, belief, and behavior that depends upon man's capacity for learning and transmitting knowledge to generations. Culture
Bible is the Word of God and while God worked through people to produce His word, it's inspired by Holy Spirit Evangelical Presuppositions
We have faithful copies of texts from original documents that have come through process of scribal transmission Evangelical Presuppositions
God has entered into human history and supernatural occurs Evangelical Presuppositions
Preunderstandings are not the same as ___ Presuppositions
Bible is not contradictory; It's unified yet divers Evangelical Presuppositions
Suffiency of scripture Evangelical Presuppositions
What are the 2 main contexts that we need to look at? Historical/Cultural and Literary
Why deal with historical/cultural? Because God has chosen to reveal his word to us through certain items and his message is timebound but principles are eternal
Biblical author, audience, and any elements touched on by a passage and helps to understand the text. Historical/Cultural context
What refers to the particular form a passage takes and to the words, sentences and paragraphs that surround the passage under investigation. Literary context
Broader term which refers to the categories or types of literature found in the Bible Literary genre
Each genre has particular _________ for interpretation guidelines
Let _________ interpret _______. Scripture; scripture
Different levels when viewing literary context passage, immediate, section of book, Book, Rest of Testament (OT/NT), whole canon
What are the dangers of disregarding the literary context? Ignoring surrounding context and topical preaching
How do we identify surrounding context? 1.Identify how book is divided 2.Summarize main idea of each section 3.Explain how passage relates to surrounding information
What are the common errors of word studies? English only, root fallacy, time Frame fallacy, overload fallacy, word count fallacy, selective evidence, word loading
The history of a word Etymology
Imposing later meaning into context. Time Frame fallacy
Under time frame fallacy meaning "through time" Diachronic
Under time frame fallacy meaning "with/across time" Synchronic
Steps to do word study 1.Study crucial, repeated, FOS, unclear words 2.Look at word's semantic range to figure out what it could mean
Seeking to find the deeper meaning of a text while neglecting the literary meaning Spiritualizing
Meaning intended and placed in the text by the author Literary meaning
Story using an extensive amount of symbolism wherein most/all of the characters, places, etc. are metaphors for real meaning Allegory
Usually meant to describe seeing most everything in the OT as a foreshadowing of Jesus Typology
Certain letters correspond with numbers to reveal a less-than-obvious meaning Gematria
claiming that some ordinal # or lettering shows the real meaning Equidistant Letter Sequencing
Different types of Bible translations are... paraphrase (The Message), Dynamic Equivalent (NIV), Formal Equivalent (ESV, NASB)
Thought for thought translation which allows liberty for read ability and modern usage Dynamic Equivalent
Most 1-1 translation that you can get Formal Equivalent
Can we grasp word apart from the Spirit? Yes, No, and Yes but only to a degree
_____ guides our interpretation so we should avoid... Spirit; trump card and spiritual laziness
How do we apply scripture? Observe how principles in text address original situation, discover parallel situation in contemporary context, and make it specific
There are __ books in the NT and ___ of these are letters 27;21
What are the 2 main categories of epistles? 13 Pauline and 8 Catholic (Universal)
What is the organization of NT epistles Introduction, body, conclusion
What do we need to ask when interpreting NT epistles? Who, what, when, where, why
We write universal truths in... present tense
Universal truths need to be... relevant to both biblical and contemporary audiences
There are ____ books in the OT and almost half are narrative 39
Literary form characterized by sequential time action and involving plot, characters, and settings Narrative/story
Historical events that convey theological truth Theological history
Where story takes place Setting
Storyline Plot
What are the 6 literary devices? plot, setting, characters, viewpoint of narrator, comparison/contrast, irony
When interpreting OT look... at whole OT, read in literary context, remember OT shows characters wort's and all, God is primary character
Themes in OT... promise of God, faithfulness of God, sovereignty of God, promised land, covenant, purity, holiness, Israel's unfaithfulness, Consequences of sin
Concerns the moral (timeless truths), civil (legal system), and ceremonial laws (sacrificial system) Traditional approach
What is HD's approach to studying the Law Must interpret law through the grid of NT
All moral and civil laws are still applicable, and we should follow them. However, Christ has abolished sacrificial system Theonomy
Only laws that are still applicable are those that are mentioned in the NT New Covenant Theology
All of the law hangs on what commandments Love God, Love your neighbor and we are to live differently from the world
Looking at OT laws shows ______ holiness of God
There are _ major and _ minor prophets 4;12
What is the literary nature of OT prophets collections of sermons, visions, narratives that occurred at certain points in the history of Israel
_____ is 100% poetry Habakkuk
Different types of OT prophetic address lawsuit, woe, promise, enactment, messenger
____ of OT consists of poetry 1/3
OT with no poetry is Leviticus, Ruth, Nehemiah, Esther, Haggai, Malachi
There are many different types of _____ created by Bishop Robert Lowth. Parallelism
2nd line of poetry says the same thing as the 1st line Synonymous parallelism
Lines of poetry using opposite ideas or works Antithetic Parallelism
2nd line of poetry advances, clears the idea of 1st line Synthetic parallelism
When words of each line of poetry mean the same thing Semantic parallelism
When words of each line of poetry are used in syntactic order Syntactic parallelism
A line of poetry is usually... 1/2 of a biblical verse
1st line of poetry can be termed... stich or colon
Has shorter line length, parallel lines, makes frequent use of literary devices, has more selective details, usually subjunctive Poetry
This type of genre focuses more on man's reflections of God rather than on God's words to man Wisdom literature
Under wisdom lit; deals with real life issues; not tied to historic revelation Practical nature
Under wisdom lit; observes world and how it works; see the truth; create metaphor that communicates general truth Observational nature
Under wisdom lit; God established order at creation Creation theology
Under wisdom lit; humanity observes creation and learn created order; seeking to wrest order from apparent chaos of the world Wisdom Theology
Under wisdom lit; Law of cause and effect world founded on justice (karma) Principle of Retribution
Hebrew word Hokmah means... Artisan skill, clever, and wisdom
Under wisdom lit; practical issues of life transcend time and culture Universal wisdom nature
The Gospels are... 3 synoptics and John
Genre of the Gospels... selective/christological biography, narratives, parables
What are the sub genres that FS mentioned for the gospels? sayings and narratives
Looking at the Gospels individual stories; ask who, what, when, where, why Micro approach
looking at the Gospels overall, collection and placement of stories; connections in words, themes, or characters Macro approach
Special literary forms of the Gospels? Hyperbole, Metaphor/simile, Narrative Irony, discourse/dialogue, rhetorical questions, Parables
Main points of Acts Written by Luke as continuation of Gospel, addressed to Theophilus, 28 chapters, theological history
In Acts there is a change in focal character from ____ to _____ Peter;Paul
What is last words in Greek of Acts? without hindrance
What is the big question in Acts? Descriptive vs. Prescriptive (Normative)
Theological themes of Acts are... Holy Spirit, God's sovereignty, church, prayer, suffering, gentiles, witness
Take texts such at the Lord's supper and the Great commission as Prescriptive
Main points of Revelation 22 chapters; written by Apostle John while in exile on the lsle of Patmos
What is the literary feature of Revelation? A prophetic-apocalyptic letter
Group of writings that include a divine revelation, usually through a heavenly intemediary, to some well-known figure, in which God promises to intervene in human history and overthrow evil empires and establish his kingdom Apocalyptic literature
What are the 4 basic approaches to Revelation? Preterist, historicist, futurist, idealist
Approach that takes seriously the historical context of Revelation, and tries to understand the book as John's audience would have understood it; do not believe in 2nd coming Preterist
Approach which sees Revelation as a map or outline of what has happened throughout church history from the first century until the return of Christ Historicist
These believe the letters are to 7 historic churches, yet Christ will rapture the church prior to the 7 years of great tribulation Historic premillennialism
Approach that sees Revelation mostly about future events immediately preceding the end of history Futurist
These believe 7 letters to the churches represent 7 time periods since creation, and Christ will rapture the church prior to the millennial reign Premillennial Dispensationalism
These believe the kingdom of God is present and growing. Eventually, the kingdom of God will greatly expand, thus ushering in the 2nd coming. Postmillenialism
Approach that basically sees revelation as relating to the ongoing struggle between good and evil. Idealist
These believe there will be no literal 1000 year reign. We are currently reigning with Christ. Good and evil struggle until the end when Christ Truimphs Amillennialims
When reading Revelation... Read with humility, original context in mind, don't focus to much on timeline, don't always take Revelation literally, let scripture interpret scripture, look at OT and historical context, focus on main idea (God wins!)
What OT book is especially helpful when studying Revelation? Daniel
Seek plain meaning of the text. Of course, apocalyptic is an exception Sensus Literalis
What we have learned all year. Look at how words function together while also studying contexts Grammatical-Historical method
How do we tell the difference between Descriptive and Prescriptive Unless scripture tells us to do something, what is only narrated or described doesn't function in normative ways- unless it can be demonstrated on other grounds that the author intended it to function in this way.
Created by: 1008281336
 

 



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