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Nervous Sytem

caus/o- burn; burning
concuss/o- of concussed
contus/o- to bruise
encephal/o- brain
klept/o- to steal
mening/o- meninges
myel/o- spinal cord; bone marrow
neur/i- A substance that induces insensitivity to pain.
neur/o- nerve
psych/o- mind
-esthesia nervous sensation
-graphy process of recording
-mania obsessive preoccupation
-phobia fear
-trophic 1.Of or relating to feeding and nutrition.
-tropic turning
acrophobia Extreme or irrational fear of heights.
Alzheimer's disease Progressive mental deterioration occurring in middle or old age, due to generalized degeneration of the brain.
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis A progressive degeneration of the motor neurons of the central nervous system, leading to wasting of the muscles and paralysis.
anesthetic A substance that induces insensitivity to pain.
anesthetist A medical specialist who administers anesthetics.
anxiety disorders A chronic condition characterized by an excessive and persistent sense of apprehension, with physical symptoms such as sweating, palpitations, and feelings of stress
autism a developmental disorder that appears in the first 3 years of life, and affects the brain's normal development of social and communication skills.
Bell's palsy Paralysis of the facial nerve, causing muscular weakness in one side of the face.
carotid ultrasonography the method of locating this blockage if there is one, as it may not cause symptoms to show up
causalgia Severe burning pain in a limb caused by injury to a peripheral nerve.
cerebal palsy Cerebral palsy is a group of disorders that can involve brain and nervous system functions, such as movement, learning, hearing, seeing, and thinking.
cerebrovascular accident stroke: a sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain.
cervical radiculopathy pain starting in the upper spine (neck) that causes pain, numbness, or weakness in the neck and going down the arm or arms.
claustrophobia Extreme or irrational fear of confined places.
cognition 1.The mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses.
coma 1.A state of deep unconsciousness that lasts for a prolonged or indefinite period, caused esp. by severe injury or illness.
concussion 1.Temporary unconsciousness caused by a blow to the head. Also, loosely, aftereffects such as confusion or temporary incapacity.
cranial hematoma A collection of blood trapped in the tissues of the brain
delirium 1.An acutely disturbed state of mind that occurs in fever, intoxication, and other disorders.
delirium tremens A psychotic condition typical of withdrawal in chronic alcoholics, involving tremors, hallucinations, anxiety, and disorientation.
delusion 1.An idiosyncratic belief or impression that is firmly maintained despite being contradicted by what is generally accepted as reality
dementia a loss of brain function that occurs with certain diseases. It affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior.
dura mater the outermost (and toughest) of the 3 meninges.
dyslexia a reading disability that occurs when the brain does not properly recognize and process certain symbols.
echoencephalography The use of ultrasound waves to investigate structures within the skull.
encephalitis Inflammation of the brain, caused by infection or an allergic reaction.
epidural anesthesia regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the epidural space of the spinal cord
epilespsy Any of various neurological disorders characterized by sudden recurring attacks of motor, sensory, or psychic malfunction with or without loss of consciousness or convulsive seizures.
factitious disorder a group of mental disturbances in which patients intentionally act physically or mentally ill without obvious benefits
Guillain-Barre synrome a form of peripheral polyneuritis characterized by pain and weakness and sometimes paralysis of the limbs
hallucination An experience involving the perception of something not present.
hemorrhagic stroke stroke caused by the rupture of a blood vessel in the brain.
hydrocephalus A condition in which fluid accumulates in the brain, typically in young children, enlarging the head and sometimes causing brain damage.
hyperesthesia Excessive physical sensitivity, esp. of the skin.
hypochondriasis chronic and abnormal anxiety about imaginary symptoms and ailments
ischemic stroke caused by an interruption in the flow of blood to the brain (as from a clot blocking a blood vessel).
lethargy A lack of energy; sleepiness.
meningitis Inflammation of the meninges caused by viral or bacterial infection.
meningocele a protrusion of the meninges through an opening in the skull or spinal column, forming a bulge or sac filled with cerebrospinal fluid.
migraine headache a neurological syndrome characterized by altered bodily perceptions, severe headaches, and nausea.
multiple sclerosis A chronic, typically progressive disease involving damage to the sheaths of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord
myelitis Inflammation of the spinal cord.
myelography An x-ray of the spinal cord after injection of air or a radiopaque substance into the subarachnoid space.
narcolespy A condition characterized by an extreme tendency to fall asleep whenever in relaxing surroundings.
neurotransmitters A chemical substance, such as acetylcholine or dopamine, that transmits nerve impulses across a synapse.
obsessive-compulsive disorder an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations (obsessions), or behaviors that make them feel driven to do something (compulsions).
panic attack A sudden feeling of acute and disabling anxiety.
paresthesia a sensation of pricking, tingling, or creeping on the skin that has no objective cause
Parkinson's disease a disorder of the brain that leads to shaking (tremors) and difficulty with walking, movement, and coordination.
peripheral neuropathy A problem with the functioning of the nerves outside the spinal cord.
posttraumatic stress disorder occur after you've seen or experienced a traumatic event that involved the threat of injury or death.
Reye's syndrome sudden (acute) brain damage and liver function problems. of uncertain cause but sometimes precipitated by aspirin.
schizophrenia a mental disorder that makes it hard to: Tell the difference between what is real and not real; Think clearly; Have normal emotional responses; Act normally in social situations.
sciatica pain, weakness, numbness, or tingling in the leg.
shaken baby syndrome a collective term for the internal head injuries a baby or young child sustains from being violently shaken.
syncope 1.Temporary loss of consciousness caused by a fall in blood pressure.
trichotillomania an irresistible urge to pull out your own hair.
trigeminal neuralgia a nerve disorder that causes a stabbing or electric-shock-like pain in parts of the face.
Created by: 312551